BackgroundInfusion of second generation autologous CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells in patients with R/R relapsed/refractory B-cell lymphoma (BCL) is affected by inflammatory complications, such as Immune Effector Cell-Associated Neurotoxicity Syndrome (ICANS). Current literature suggests that the immune profile prior to CAR-T infusion modifies the chance to develop ICANS.MethodsThis is a monocenter prospective study on 53 patients receiving approved CAR T-cell products (29 axi-cel, 24 tisa-cel) for R/R-BCL. Clinical, biochemical, and hematological variables were analyzed at the time of pre-lymphodepletion (pre-LD). In a subset of 21 patients whose fresh peripheral blood sample was available, we performed cytofluorimetric analysis of leukocytes and extracellular vesicles (EVs). Moreover, we assessed a panel of soluble plasma biomarkers (IL-6/IL-10/GDF-15/IL-15/CXCL9/NfL) and microRNAs (miR-146a-5p, miR-21-5p, miR-126-3p, miR-150-5p) which are associated with senescence and inflammation.ResultsMultivariate analysis at the pre-LD time-point in the entire cohort (n=53) showed that a lower percentage of CD3+CD8+ lymphocytes (38.6% vs 46.8%, OR=0.937 [95% CI: 0.882-0.996], p=0.035) and higher levels of serum C-reactive protein (CRP, 4.52 mg/dl vs 1.00 mg/dl, OR=7.133 [95% CI: 1.796-28], p=0.005) are associated with ICANS. In the pre-LD samples of 21 patients, a significant increase in the percentage of CD8+CD45RA+CD57+ senescent cells (median % value: 16.50% vs 9.10%, p=0.009) and monocytic-myeloid derived suppressor cells (M-MDSC, median % value: 4.4 vs 1.8, p=0.020) was found in ICANS patients. These latter also showed increased levels of EVs carrying CD14+ and CD45+ myeloid markers, of the myeloid chemokine CXCL-9, as well of the MDSC-secreted cytokine IL-10. Notably, the serum levels of circulating neurofilament light chain, a marker of neuroaxonal injury, were positively correlated with the levels of senescent CD8+ T cells, M-MDSC, IL-10 and CXCL-9. No variation in the levels of the selected miRNAs was observed between ICANS and no-ICANS patients.DiscussionOur data support the notion that pre-CAR-T systemic inflammation is associated with ICANS. Higher proportion of senescence CD8+ T cells and M-MDSC correlate with early signs of neuroaxonal injury at pre-LD time-point, suggesting that ICANS may be the final event of a process that begins before CAR-T infusion, consequence to patient clinical history.

Serena De Matteis, Michele Dicataldo, Beatrice Casadei, Gianluca Storci, Noemi Laprovitera, Mario Arpinati, et al. (2023). Peripheral blood cellular profile at pre-lymphodepletion is associated with {CD}19-targeted {CAR}-T cell-associated neurotoxicity. FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY, 13, 1-12 [10.3389/fimmu.2022.1058126].

Peripheral blood cellular profile at pre-lymphodepletion is associated with {CD}19-targeted {CAR}-T cell-associated neurotoxicity

Serena De Matteis;Michele Dicataldo;Beatrice Casadei;Gianluca Storci;Noemi Laprovitera;Mario Arpinati;Pietro Cortelli;Maria Naddeo;Barbara Sinigaglia;Luca Zazzeroni;Serafina Guadagnuolo;Enrica Tomassini;Salvatore Nicola Bertuccio;Daria Messelodi;Manuela Ferracin;Pier Luigi Zinzani;Francesca Bonifazi
2023

Abstract

BackgroundInfusion of second generation autologous CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells in patients with R/R relapsed/refractory B-cell lymphoma (BCL) is affected by inflammatory complications, such as Immune Effector Cell-Associated Neurotoxicity Syndrome (ICANS). Current literature suggests that the immune profile prior to CAR-T infusion modifies the chance to develop ICANS.MethodsThis is a monocenter prospective study on 53 patients receiving approved CAR T-cell products (29 axi-cel, 24 tisa-cel) for R/R-BCL. Clinical, biochemical, and hematological variables were analyzed at the time of pre-lymphodepletion (pre-LD). In a subset of 21 patients whose fresh peripheral blood sample was available, we performed cytofluorimetric analysis of leukocytes and extracellular vesicles (EVs). Moreover, we assessed a panel of soluble plasma biomarkers (IL-6/IL-10/GDF-15/IL-15/CXCL9/NfL) and microRNAs (miR-146a-5p, miR-21-5p, miR-126-3p, miR-150-5p) which are associated with senescence and inflammation.ResultsMultivariate analysis at the pre-LD time-point in the entire cohort (n=53) showed that a lower percentage of CD3+CD8+ lymphocytes (38.6% vs 46.8%, OR=0.937 [95% CI: 0.882-0.996], p=0.035) and higher levels of serum C-reactive protein (CRP, 4.52 mg/dl vs 1.00 mg/dl, OR=7.133 [95% CI: 1.796-28], p=0.005) are associated with ICANS. In the pre-LD samples of 21 patients, a significant increase in the percentage of CD8+CD45RA+CD57+ senescent cells (median % value: 16.50% vs 9.10%, p=0.009) and monocytic-myeloid derived suppressor cells (M-MDSC, median % value: 4.4 vs 1.8, p=0.020) was found in ICANS patients. These latter also showed increased levels of EVs carrying CD14+ and CD45+ myeloid markers, of the myeloid chemokine CXCL-9, as well of the MDSC-secreted cytokine IL-10. Notably, the serum levels of circulating neurofilament light chain, a marker of neuroaxonal injury, were positively correlated with the levels of senescent CD8+ T cells, M-MDSC, IL-10 and CXCL-9. No variation in the levels of the selected miRNAs was observed between ICANS and no-ICANS patients.DiscussionOur data support the notion that pre-CAR-T systemic inflammation is associated with ICANS. Higher proportion of senescence CD8+ T cells and M-MDSC correlate with early signs of neuroaxonal injury at pre-LD time-point, suggesting that ICANS may be the final event of a process that begins before CAR-T infusion, consequence to patient clinical history.
2023
Serena De Matteis, Michele Dicataldo, Beatrice Casadei, Gianluca Storci, Noemi Laprovitera, Mario Arpinati, et al. (2023). Peripheral blood cellular profile at pre-lymphodepletion is associated with {CD}19-targeted {CAR}-T cell-associated neurotoxicity. FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY, 13, 1-12 [10.3389/fimmu.2022.1058126].
Serena De Matteis; Michele Dicataldo; Beatrice Casadei; Gianluca Storci; Noemi Laprovitera; Mario Arpinati; Enrico Maffini; Pietro Cortelli; Maria Gua...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/918295
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