In next-generation mobile radio systems, multiple access schemes will support a massive number of uncoordinated devices exhibiting sporadic traffic, transmitting short packets to a base station. Grant-free non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been introduced to provide services to a large number of devices and to reduce the communication overhead in massive machine-type communication (mMTC) scenarios. In grant-free communication, there is no coordination between the device and base station (BS) before the data transmission; therefore, the challenging task of active users detection (AUD) must be conducted at the BS. For NOMA with sparse spreading, we propose a deep neural network (DNN)-based approach for AUD called active users enumeration and identification (AUEI). It consists of two phases: firstly, a DNN is used to estimate the number of active users; then in the second phase, another DNN identifies them. To speed up the training process of the DNNs, we propose a multi-stage transfer learning technique. Our numerical results show a remarkable performance improvement of AUEI in comparison to previously proposed approaches.

Enumeration and Identification of Active Users for Grant-Free NOMA Using Deep Neural Networks / Khan, Muhammad Usman; Paolini, Enrico; Chiani, Marco. - In: IEEE ACCESS. - ISSN 2169-3536. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2022), pp. 9963547.125616-9963547.125625. [10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3224478]

Enumeration and Identification of Active Users for Grant-Free NOMA Using Deep Neural Networks

Khan, Muhammad Usman;Paolini, Enrico;Chiani, Marco
2022

Abstract

In next-generation mobile radio systems, multiple access schemes will support a massive number of uncoordinated devices exhibiting sporadic traffic, transmitting short packets to a base station. Grant-free non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been introduced to provide services to a large number of devices and to reduce the communication overhead in massive machine-type communication (mMTC) scenarios. In grant-free communication, there is no coordination between the device and base station (BS) before the data transmission; therefore, the challenging task of active users detection (AUD) must be conducted at the BS. For NOMA with sparse spreading, we propose a deep neural network (DNN)-based approach for AUD called active users enumeration and identification (AUEI). It consists of two phases: firstly, a DNN is used to estimate the number of active users; then in the second phase, another DNN identifies them. To speed up the training process of the DNNs, we propose a multi-stage transfer learning technique. Our numerical results show a remarkable performance improvement of AUEI in comparison to previously proposed approaches.
2022
Enumeration and Identification of Active Users for Grant-Free NOMA Using Deep Neural Networks / Khan, Muhammad Usman; Paolini, Enrico; Chiani, Marco. - In: IEEE ACCESS. - ISSN 2169-3536. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2022), pp. 9963547.125616-9963547.125625. [10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3224478]
Khan, Muhammad Usman; Paolini, Enrico; Chiani, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/917881
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