Diet is a matter of interest in the pathogenesis and management of Crohn's Disease (CD). Little is known about CD children's dietary habits. Our aim was assessing the quality and the amount of nutrient intake in a group of CD pediatric patients. Data were compared with those of healthy subjects (HS). In total, 20 patients (13 males) and 48 HS (24 males) aged 4-18 years were provided with a food diary to fill out for one week. Winfood software performed the bromatological analysis, providing data about intakes of proteins and amino acids, fatty acids, carbohydrates, cholesterol, fibers, minerals, vitamins, and polyphenols. Estimates of the antioxidant activity of foods and of the dietetic protein load were also calculated. The diet of CD patients was poorer in fibers, polyphenols, vitamin A, beta-carotene, and fatty acids, and richer in animal proteins, vitamin B12, and niacin. PRAL was higher in CD patients' diets, while ORAC was higher in HS. No significant differences were observed in carbohydrate and other macro- and micronutrient consumptions. CD dietary habits seem to reflect the so-called Western diet, possibly involved in CD pathogenesis. Furthermore, analysis of dietary habits allows for prevention of nutritional deficiencies and timely correction through education and supplementation.

Dietary Habits of a Group of Children with Crohn's Disease Compared to Healthy Subjects: Assessment of Risk of Nutritional Deficiencies through a Bromatological Analysis / Labriola, Flavio; Marcato, Caterina; Zarbo, Chiara; Betti, Ludovica; Catelli, Arianna; Valerii, Maria Chiara; Spisni, Enzo; Alvisi, Patrizia. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:3(2022), pp. 499.1-499.11. [10.3390/nu14030499]

Dietary Habits of a Group of Children with Crohn's Disease Compared to Healthy Subjects: Assessment of Risk of Nutritional Deficiencies through a Bromatological Analysis

Labriola, Flavio
;
Zarbo, Chiara;Betti, Ludovica;Catelli, Arianna;Valerii, Maria Chiara;Spisni, Enzo;Alvisi, Patrizia
2022

Abstract

Diet is a matter of interest in the pathogenesis and management of Crohn's Disease (CD). Little is known about CD children's dietary habits. Our aim was assessing the quality and the amount of nutrient intake in a group of CD pediatric patients. Data were compared with those of healthy subjects (HS). In total, 20 patients (13 males) and 48 HS (24 males) aged 4-18 years were provided with a food diary to fill out for one week. Winfood software performed the bromatological analysis, providing data about intakes of proteins and amino acids, fatty acids, carbohydrates, cholesterol, fibers, minerals, vitamins, and polyphenols. Estimates of the antioxidant activity of foods and of the dietetic protein load were also calculated. The diet of CD patients was poorer in fibers, polyphenols, vitamin A, beta-carotene, and fatty acids, and richer in animal proteins, vitamin B12, and niacin. PRAL was higher in CD patients' diets, while ORAC was higher in HS. No significant differences were observed in carbohydrate and other macro- and micronutrient consumptions. CD dietary habits seem to reflect the so-called Western diet, possibly involved in CD pathogenesis. Furthermore, analysis of dietary habits allows for prevention of nutritional deficiencies and timely correction through education and supplementation.
2022
Dietary Habits of a Group of Children with Crohn's Disease Compared to Healthy Subjects: Assessment of Risk of Nutritional Deficiencies through a Bromatological Analysis / Labriola, Flavio; Marcato, Caterina; Zarbo, Chiara; Betti, Ludovica; Catelli, Arianna; Valerii, Maria Chiara; Spisni, Enzo; Alvisi, Patrizia. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:3(2022), pp. 499.1-499.11. [10.3390/nu14030499]
Labriola, Flavio; Marcato, Caterina; Zarbo, Chiara; Betti, Ludovica; Catelli, Arianna; Valerii, Maria Chiara; Spisni, Enzo; Alvisi, Patrizia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/917302
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