Extracellular and intracellular mediators of inflammation, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and NF-kappaB (NF-κB), play major roles in breast cancer pathogenesis, progression and relapse. SLUG, a mediator of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process, is over-expressed in CD44(+)/CD24(-) tumor initiating breast cancer cells and in basal-like carcinoma, a subtype of aggressive breast cancer endowed with a stem cell-like gene expression profile. Cancer stem cells also over-express members of the pro-inflammatory NF-κB network, but their functional relationship with SLUG expression in breast cancer cells remains unclear. Here, we show that TNFα treatment of human breast cancer cells up-regulates SLUG with a dependency on canonical NF-κB/HIF1α signaling, which is strongly enhanced by p53 inactivation. Moreover, SLUG up-regulation engenders breast cancer cells with stem cell-like properties including enhanced expression of CD44 and Jagged-1 in conjunction with estrogen receptor alpha down-regulation, growth as mammospheres, and extracellular matrix invasiveness. Our results reveal a molecular mechanism whereby TNFα, a major pro-inflammatory cytokine, imparts breast cancer cells with stem cell-like features, which are connected to increased tumor aggressiveness.

TNFalpha up-regulates SLUG via the NF-kappaB/HIF1alpha axis, which imparts breast cancer cells with a stem cell-like phenotype.

STORCI, GIANLUCA;SANSONE, PASQUALE;D'Uva G.;TAVOLARI, SIMONA;GUARNIERI, TIZIANA;TAFFURELLI, MARIO;CECCARELLI, CLAUDIO;SANTINI, DONATELLA;CHIECO, PASQUALE;BONAFE', MASSIMILIANO
2010

Abstract

Extracellular and intracellular mediators of inflammation, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and NF-kappaB (NF-κB), play major roles in breast cancer pathogenesis, progression and relapse. SLUG, a mediator of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process, is over-expressed in CD44(+)/CD24(-) tumor initiating breast cancer cells and in basal-like carcinoma, a subtype of aggressive breast cancer endowed with a stem cell-like gene expression profile. Cancer stem cells also over-express members of the pro-inflammatory NF-κB network, but their functional relationship with SLUG expression in breast cancer cells remains unclear. Here, we show that TNFα treatment of human breast cancer cells up-regulates SLUG with a dependency on canonical NF-κB/HIF1α signaling, which is strongly enhanced by p53 inactivation. Moreover, SLUG up-regulation engenders breast cancer cells with stem cell-like properties including enhanced expression of CD44 and Jagged-1 in conjunction with estrogen receptor alpha down-regulation, growth as mammospheres, and extracellular matrix invasiveness. Our results reveal a molecular mechanism whereby TNFα, a major pro-inflammatory cytokine, imparts breast cancer cells with stem cell-like features, which are connected to increased tumor aggressiveness.
Storci G.; Sansone P.; Mari S.; D'Uva G.; Tavolari S.; Guarnieri T.; Taffurelli M.; Ceccarelli C.; Santini D.; Chieco P.; Marcu K.B.; Bonafè M.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/91203
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 81
  • Scopus 141
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 134
social impact