Interaction between articular surfaces at the knee joint allows movement and stability. The knowledge of how this mechanism works in physiological conditions could be very useful for the development of new clinical procedures. The objective of this study was to develop a subject-specific model able to estimate the articular contact area at the tibio-femoral joint avoiding any destructive measurements. Thin plate splines were used to describe articular surfaces and to allow an analytical estimation of the distance between the surfaces. The sensitivity of the model was evaluated and the tibio-femoral contact area was estimated in a living subject. Femoral contact area results were always smaller than the tibial one, whereas tibial contact area results were less repeatable. Increasing the distance threshold, the increase of the contact area was almost linear. High repeatability was obtained sampling each condyle with more than 60 steps. Contact areas, estimated with the loaded knee, were in accordance with physiology and literature showing a good repeatability. The devised model was suitably used to evaluate the articular contact at the knee joint of an healthy living subject and can be a useful clinical tool to suggest procedures aimed at restoring physiological conditions. © 2010 World Scientific Publishing Company.

In-vivo estimation of the tibio-femoral contact area using thin-plate splines tool

STAGNI, RITA;FANTOZZI, SILVIA;CAPPELLO, ANGELO
2010

Abstract

Interaction between articular surfaces at the knee joint allows movement and stability. The knowledge of how this mechanism works in physiological conditions could be very useful for the development of new clinical procedures. The objective of this study was to develop a subject-specific model able to estimate the articular contact area at the tibio-femoral joint avoiding any destructive measurements. Thin plate splines were used to describe articular surfaces and to allow an analytical estimation of the distance between the surfaces. The sensitivity of the model was evaluated and the tibio-femoral contact area was estimated in a living subject. Femoral contact area results were always smaller than the tibial one, whereas tibial contact area results were less repeatable. Increasing the distance threshold, the increase of the contact area was almost linear. High repeatability was obtained sampling each condyle with more than 60 steps. Contact areas, estimated with the loaded knee, were in accordance with physiology and literature showing a good repeatability. The devised model was suitably used to evaluate the articular contact at the knee joint of an healthy living subject and can be a useful clinical tool to suggest procedures aimed at restoring physiological conditions. © 2010 World Scientific Publishing Company.
L. Bertozzi; R. Stagni; S. Fantozzi; A. Cappello
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/90785
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