Clostridioides difficile is an obligate anaerobic pathogen among the most common causes of healthcare-associated infections. It poses a global threat due to the clinical outcomes of infection and resistance to antibiotics recommended by international guidelines for its eradication. In particular, C. difficile infection can lead to fulminant colitis associated with shock, hypotension, megacolon, and, in severe cases, death. It is therefore of the utmost urgency to fully characterize this pathogen and better understand its spread, in order to reduce infection rates and improve therapy success. This review aims to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the genetic variation of C. difficile, with particular regard to pathogenic genes and the correlation with clinical issues of its infection. We also summarize the current typing techniques and, based on them, the global distribution of the most common ribotypes. Finally, we discuss genomic surveillance actions and new genetic engineering strategies as future perspectives to make it less difficile.

Mengoli, M., Barone, M., Fabbrini, M., D’Amico, F., Brigidi, P., Turroni, S. (2022). Make It Less difficile: Understanding Genetic Evolution and Global Spread of Clostridioides difficile. GENES, 13(12), 1-18 [10.3390/genes13122200].

Make It Less difficile: Understanding Genetic Evolution and Global Spread of Clostridioides difficile

Mengoli, Mariachiara;Barone, Monica;Fabbrini, Marco;D’Amico, Federica;Brigidi, Patrizia;Turroni, Silvia
2022

Abstract

Clostridioides difficile is an obligate anaerobic pathogen among the most common causes of healthcare-associated infections. It poses a global threat due to the clinical outcomes of infection and resistance to antibiotics recommended by international guidelines for its eradication. In particular, C. difficile infection can lead to fulminant colitis associated with shock, hypotension, megacolon, and, in severe cases, death. It is therefore of the utmost urgency to fully characterize this pathogen and better understand its spread, in order to reduce infection rates and improve therapy success. This review aims to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the genetic variation of C. difficile, with particular regard to pathogenic genes and the correlation with clinical issues of its infection. We also summarize the current typing techniques and, based on them, the global distribution of the most common ribotypes. Finally, we discuss genomic surveillance actions and new genetic engineering strategies as future perspectives to make it less difficile.
2022
Mengoli, M., Barone, M., Fabbrini, M., D’Amico, F., Brigidi, P., Turroni, S. (2022). Make It Less difficile: Understanding Genetic Evolution and Global Spread of Clostridioides difficile. GENES, 13(12), 1-18 [10.3390/genes13122200].
Mengoli, Mariachiara; Barone, Monica; Fabbrini, Marco; D’Amico, Federica; Brigidi, Patrizia; Turroni, Silvia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/907112
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