We assessed long-term mortality and its association with chronic alcohol-related diseases in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) because of acute alcoholic intoxication (AAI). A retrospective cohort study was performed at the ED of Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy. 3304 patients, corresponding to 6415 admissions for AAI, who accessed the ED from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2017, were studied. The ED electronic registry system was used to assess living status on 08 May 2020 and to obtain the prespecified potential predictors, i.e., age at first admission, sex, alcohol use disorder (AUD), substance use disorder (SUD), more than 1 admission to ED for trauma, mental and behavioral disorders, neurological disorders, and cardiovascular disease. The median follow-up time was 9.3 years and the time on risk was 30,053 person years (PY) with a death rate corresponding to 4.42 (95% CI 3.74-5.26) per 1000 PY (n = 133 deaths). The death rate was higher in patients with AUD (17.30) than in those without AUD (1.98) and in those with SUD (13.58) than in those without SUD (3.80). Lastly, there was a clearly higher death rate among AUD+ SUD+ (20.89) compared to AUD-SUD-patients (1.74). At multivariable Cox regression, AUD, SUD, and liver cirrhosis were strong and independent predictors of time-to-death. Using standardized mortality ratios, a clear excess of mortality was evident for all the age bands from (40-45] to (60-65] years. Mortality is higher in AAI than in the general population and chronic alcohol-related diseases are strongly associated with it.

Mortality and its association with chronic alcohol-related diseases in patients admitted to the emergency department for acute alcoholic intoxication: retrospective cohort study / Palmese, Francesco; Bonavita, Maria Elena; Pompili, Enrico; Migliano, Maria Teresa; Reggidori, Nicola; Di Stefano, Cecilia; Grieco, Marta; Colazzo, Stefano; Tufoni, Manuel; Baldassarre, Maurizio; Caraceni, Paolo; Foschi, Francesco Giuseppe; Giostra, Fabrizio; Farina, Gabriele; Del Toro, Rossella; Bedogni, Giorgio; Domenicali, Marco. - In: INTERNAL AND EMERGENCY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1970-9366. - ELETTRONICO. - 18:1(2023), pp. 257-263. [10.1007/s11739-022-03114-6]

Mortality and its association with chronic alcohol-related diseases in patients admitted to the emergency department for acute alcoholic intoxication: retrospective cohort study

Palmese, Francesco
;
Bonavita, Maria Elena;Pompili, Enrico;Migliano, Maria Teresa;Reggidori, Nicola;Di Stefano, Cecilia;Grieco, Marta;Colazzo, Stefano;Tufoni, Manuel;Baldassarre, Maurizio;Caraceni, Paolo;Giostra, Fabrizio;Farina, Gabriele;Bedogni, Giorgio;Domenicali, Marco
2023

Abstract

We assessed long-term mortality and its association with chronic alcohol-related diseases in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) because of acute alcoholic intoxication (AAI). A retrospective cohort study was performed at the ED of Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy. 3304 patients, corresponding to 6415 admissions for AAI, who accessed the ED from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2017, were studied. The ED electronic registry system was used to assess living status on 08 May 2020 and to obtain the prespecified potential predictors, i.e., age at first admission, sex, alcohol use disorder (AUD), substance use disorder (SUD), more than 1 admission to ED for trauma, mental and behavioral disorders, neurological disorders, and cardiovascular disease. The median follow-up time was 9.3 years and the time on risk was 30,053 person years (PY) with a death rate corresponding to 4.42 (95% CI 3.74-5.26) per 1000 PY (n = 133 deaths). The death rate was higher in patients with AUD (17.30) than in those without AUD (1.98) and in those with SUD (13.58) than in those without SUD (3.80). Lastly, there was a clearly higher death rate among AUD+ SUD+ (20.89) compared to AUD-SUD-patients (1.74). At multivariable Cox regression, AUD, SUD, and liver cirrhosis were strong and independent predictors of time-to-death. Using standardized mortality ratios, a clear excess of mortality was evident for all the age bands from (40-45] to (60-65] years. Mortality is higher in AAI than in the general population and chronic alcohol-related diseases are strongly associated with it.
2023
Mortality and its association with chronic alcohol-related diseases in patients admitted to the emergency department for acute alcoholic intoxication: retrospective cohort study / Palmese, Francesco; Bonavita, Maria Elena; Pompili, Enrico; Migliano, Maria Teresa; Reggidori, Nicola; Di Stefano, Cecilia; Grieco, Marta; Colazzo, Stefano; Tufoni, Manuel; Baldassarre, Maurizio; Caraceni, Paolo; Foschi, Francesco Giuseppe; Giostra, Fabrizio; Farina, Gabriele; Del Toro, Rossella; Bedogni, Giorgio; Domenicali, Marco. - In: INTERNAL AND EMERGENCY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1970-9366. - ELETTRONICO. - 18:1(2023), pp. 257-263. [10.1007/s11739-022-03114-6]
Palmese, Francesco; Bonavita, Maria Elena; Pompili, Enrico; Migliano, Maria Teresa; Reggidori, Nicola; Di Stefano, Cecilia; Grieco, Marta; Colazzo, Stefano; Tufoni, Manuel; Baldassarre, Maurizio; Caraceni, Paolo; Foschi, Francesco Giuseppe; Giostra, Fabrizio; Farina, Gabriele; Del Toro, Rossella; Bedogni, Giorgio; Domenicali, Marco
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