Recent findings support the hypothesis that inhibition of SMYD3 methyltransferase may be a therapeutic avenue for some of the deadliest cancer types. Herein, active site-selective covalent SMYD3 inhibitors were designed by introducing an appropriate reactive cysteine trap into reversible first-generation SMYD3 inhibitors. The 4-amino-piperidine derivative EM127 (11C) bearing a 2-chloroethanoyl group as reactive warhead showed selectivity for Cys186, located in the substrate/histone binding pocket. Selectivity towards Cys186 was retained even at high inhibitor/enzyme ratio, as shown by mass spectrometry. The mode of interaction with the SMYD3 substrate/ histone binding pocket was revealed by crystallographic studies. In enzymatic assays, 11C showed a stronger SMYD3 inhibitory effect compared to the reference inhibitor EPZ031686. Remarkably, 11C attenuated the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line at the same low micromolar range of concentrations that reduced SMYD3 mediated ERK signaling in HCT116 colorectal cancer and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Furthermore, 11C (5 mu M) strongly decreased the steady-state mRNA levels of genes important for tumor biology such as cyclin dependent kinase 2, c-MET, N-cadherin and fibronectin 1, all known to be regulated, at least in part, by SMYD3. Thus, 11C is as a first example of second generation SMYD3 inhibitors; this agent represents a covalent and a site specific SMYD3 binder capable of potent and prolonged attenuation of methyltransferase activity.

Discovery of the 4-aminopiperidine-based compound EM127 for the site-specific covalent inhibition of SMYD3

Naldi, M
Co-primo
;
Bartolini, M
;
2022

Abstract

Recent findings support the hypothesis that inhibition of SMYD3 methyltransferase may be a therapeutic avenue for some of the deadliest cancer types. Herein, active site-selective covalent SMYD3 inhibitors were designed by introducing an appropriate reactive cysteine trap into reversible first-generation SMYD3 inhibitors. The 4-amino-piperidine derivative EM127 (11C) bearing a 2-chloroethanoyl group as reactive warhead showed selectivity for Cys186, located in the substrate/histone binding pocket. Selectivity towards Cys186 was retained even at high inhibitor/enzyme ratio, as shown by mass spectrometry. The mode of interaction with the SMYD3 substrate/ histone binding pocket was revealed by crystallographic studies. In enzymatic assays, 11C showed a stronger SMYD3 inhibitory effect compared to the reference inhibitor EPZ031686. Remarkably, 11C attenuated the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line at the same low micromolar range of concentrations that reduced SMYD3 mediated ERK signaling in HCT116 colorectal cancer and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Furthermore, 11C (5 mu M) strongly decreased the steady-state mRNA levels of genes important for tumor biology such as cyclin dependent kinase 2, c-MET, N-cadherin and fibronectin 1, all known to be regulated, at least in part, by SMYD3. Thus, 11C is as a first example of second generation SMYD3 inhibitors; this agent represents a covalent and a site specific SMYD3 binder capable of potent and prolonged attenuation of methyltransferase activity.
Parenti, MD; Naldi, M; Manoni, E; Fabini, E; Cederfelt, D; Talibov, VO; Gressani, V; Guven, U; Grossi, V; Fasano, C; Sanese, P; De Marco, K; Shtil, AA; Kurkin, AV; Altieri, A; Danielson, UH; Caretti, G; Simone, C; Varchi, G; Bartolini, M; Del Rio, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/904147
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