Peroxidation of vegetable oils represents a major problem for the food and biodiesel industries, and it is greatly accelerated by oil degree of unsaturation and by temperature increase. Phenols represent the most common additives used to counteract oil peroxidation, however clear structure-activity relationships at high temperatures are not available. We report, herein, a kinetic study of O2 consumption during spontaneous peroxidation of sunflower oil at 130 °C in the presence of 18 antioxidants belonging to the main families of natural and synthetic phenols, including α-tocopherol, alkylphenols (BHT, BHA), hydroquinones (TBHD), catechols (quercetin, catechin) and gallates. Results show that TBHQ provide the best protection in terms of induction period (IP) duration and O2 consumption rate. EPR spectroscopy demonstrated that the inhibition activity is negatively correlated to the stability of the phenoxyl radical of the antioxidant (A•), suggesting that chain propagation with linoleate (RH) moieties A• + RH → AH + R• decreases the efficacy of those antioxidants forming persistent A• radicals. These results provide important information to optimize the antioxidant activity of phenols and of novel phenol-based materials.

Kinetic Analysis of High-Temperature Sunflower Oil Peroxidation Inhibited by the Major Families of Phenolic Antioxidants Unveils the Extraordinary Activity of 1,4-Hydroquinones

Mollica, Fabio;Amorati, Riccardo
2022

Abstract

Peroxidation of vegetable oils represents a major problem for the food and biodiesel industries, and it is greatly accelerated by oil degree of unsaturation and by temperature increase. Phenols represent the most common additives used to counteract oil peroxidation, however clear structure-activity relationships at high temperatures are not available. We report, herein, a kinetic study of O2 consumption during spontaneous peroxidation of sunflower oil at 130 °C in the presence of 18 antioxidants belonging to the main families of natural and synthetic phenols, including α-tocopherol, alkylphenols (BHT, BHA), hydroquinones (TBHD), catechols (quercetin, catechin) and gallates. Results show that TBHQ provide the best protection in terms of induction period (IP) duration and O2 consumption rate. EPR spectroscopy demonstrated that the inhibition activity is negatively correlated to the stability of the phenoxyl radical of the antioxidant (A•), suggesting that chain propagation with linoleate (RH) moieties A• + RH → AH + R• decreases the efficacy of those antioxidants forming persistent A• radicals. These results provide important information to optimize the antioxidant activity of phenols and of novel phenol-based materials.
Mollica, Fabio; Bonoldi, Lucia; Amorati, Riccardo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/902021
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