Excessive softness is a serious defect of dry cured hams which seems related to high activity of lysosomal cysteine proteinases, such as cathepsin B, in fresh pork muscles a few days after slaughtering. As it has been shown that cathepsin B activity has a moderate heritability in Italian Large White pigs we started a candidate gene approach to identify the gene(s) that affect(s) this parameter, Here, we studied two candidate genes: cathepsin B (CTSB) and cystatin B (CSTB). We amplified and sequenced porcine DNA fragments for these two genes that were used to identify polymorphisms by SSCP and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. Four and two alleles were detected at the CTSB and CSTB loci, respectively, Sequencing of the CSTB alleles showed a missense mutation that changes a codon for aspartic acid into a codon for asparagine in exon 3 of the gene. Allele frequencies for the two loci differed among the pig breeds studied (Large White, Landrace, Duroc, Belgian Landrace, Hampshire, Piétrain, Meishan, Cinta Senese, Casertana, Calabrese and Nero di Sicilia). Linkage, somatic cell hybrid panel and radiation hybrid panel analyses assigned CTSB to porcine chromosome (Sscr) 14 and CSTB to Sscr 13. The markers identified at the CTSB and CSTB loci were used in association studies with several traits of economic importance including parameters that may indicate the suitability of pig meat to produce dry-cured hams. Significant associations were observed between CTSB and back-fat thickness and between CSTB and average daily gain. In this study, cathepsin B activity was not associated with the polymorphisms identified at the CTSB and CSTB loci.

Investigation of candidate genes for meat quality in dry-cured ham production: The porcine cathepsin B (CTSB) and cystatin B (CSTB) genes / Russo V.; Fontanesi L.; Davoli R.; Nanni Costa L.; Cagnazzo M.; Buttazzoni L.; Virgili R.; Yerle M.. - In: ANIMAL GENETICS. - ISSN 0268-9146. - STAMPA. - 33:2(2002), pp. 123-131. [10.1046/j.1365-2052.2002.00835.x]

Investigation of candidate genes for meat quality in dry-cured ham production: The porcine cathepsin B (CTSB) and cystatin B (CSTB) genes

Russo V.;Fontanesi L.;Davoli R.;Nanni Costa L.;Cagnazzo M.;
2002

Abstract

Excessive softness is a serious defect of dry cured hams which seems related to high activity of lysosomal cysteine proteinases, such as cathepsin B, in fresh pork muscles a few days after slaughtering. As it has been shown that cathepsin B activity has a moderate heritability in Italian Large White pigs we started a candidate gene approach to identify the gene(s) that affect(s) this parameter, Here, we studied two candidate genes: cathepsin B (CTSB) and cystatin B (CSTB). We amplified and sequenced porcine DNA fragments for these two genes that were used to identify polymorphisms by SSCP and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. Four and two alleles were detected at the CTSB and CSTB loci, respectively, Sequencing of the CSTB alleles showed a missense mutation that changes a codon for aspartic acid into a codon for asparagine in exon 3 of the gene. Allele frequencies for the two loci differed among the pig breeds studied (Large White, Landrace, Duroc, Belgian Landrace, Hampshire, Piétrain, Meishan, Cinta Senese, Casertana, Calabrese and Nero di Sicilia). Linkage, somatic cell hybrid panel and radiation hybrid panel analyses assigned CTSB to porcine chromosome (Sscr) 14 and CSTB to Sscr 13. The markers identified at the CTSB and CSTB loci were used in association studies with several traits of economic importance including parameters that may indicate the suitability of pig meat to produce dry-cured hams. Significant associations were observed between CTSB and back-fat thickness and between CSTB and average daily gain. In this study, cathepsin B activity was not associated with the polymorphisms identified at the CTSB and CSTB loci.
2002
Investigation of candidate genes for meat quality in dry-cured ham production: The porcine cathepsin B (CTSB) and cystatin B (CSTB) genes / Russo V.; Fontanesi L.; Davoli R.; Nanni Costa L.; Cagnazzo M.; Buttazzoni L.; Virgili R.; Yerle M.. - In: ANIMAL GENETICS. - ISSN 0268-9146. - STAMPA. - 33:2(2002), pp. 123-131. [10.1046/j.1365-2052.2002.00835.x]
Russo V.; Fontanesi L.; Davoli R.; Nanni Costa L.; Cagnazzo M.; Buttazzoni L.; Virgili R.; Yerle M.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/900070
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 42
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 35
social impact