Aims The present study aimed at: (i) verifying the suitability of pure sewage sludge (SS) as growing medium for the hyperaccumulator species (Pteris vittata, Odontarrhena chalcidica, Astragalus bisulcatus and Noccaea caerulescens); (ii) evaluating the removal of As, Ni, Se and Zn operated by the chosen species; (iii) estimating the potential metal yields (bio-ore production) and connected monetary rewards in a small-scale field experiment. Methods Hyperaccumulator plants were first tested under controlled conditions, on three different SS (P1, P2, P3) characterized by the presence of one or more contaminants among As, Ni, Se and Zn. P1 sludge was then chosen for a small-scale field experiment. Hyperaccumulator seedlings were transferred on SS and cultivated for 16 weeks before harvesting. Results All hyperaccumulator species grew healthy on P1 SS, with A. bisulcatus and O. chalcidica reaching an average biomass of 40.2 and 21.5 g DW/plant. Trace metal concentrations in aerial parts were: As (P. vittata) 380 mg/kg DW, Ni (O. chalcidica) 683 mg/kg DW, Se (A. bisulcatus) 165 mg/kg DW, Zn (N. caerulescens) 461 mg/kg DW. The total removal of As, Ni, Se and Zn from SS due to phytoextraction was 5.8, 19, 18, 29% respectively. Conclusions This study demonstrated that phytoextraction can be applied to SS for the removal contaminants while recovering valuable metals. Se and As were identified as the most promising target element, while Ni and Zn removal was poorly efficient under the present experimental conditions.

Phytoextraction of arsenic, nickel, selenium and zinc from sewage sludge: from laboratory to pilot scale

Salinitro M.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Simoni A.
Methodology
;
Ciavatta C.
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Tassoni A.
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2022

Abstract

Aims The present study aimed at: (i) verifying the suitability of pure sewage sludge (SS) as growing medium for the hyperaccumulator species (Pteris vittata, Odontarrhena chalcidica, Astragalus bisulcatus and Noccaea caerulescens); (ii) evaluating the removal of As, Ni, Se and Zn operated by the chosen species; (iii) estimating the potential metal yields (bio-ore production) and connected monetary rewards in a small-scale field experiment. Methods Hyperaccumulator plants were first tested under controlled conditions, on three different SS (P1, P2, P3) characterized by the presence of one or more contaminants among As, Ni, Se and Zn. P1 sludge was then chosen for a small-scale field experiment. Hyperaccumulator seedlings were transferred on SS and cultivated for 16 weeks before harvesting. Results All hyperaccumulator species grew healthy on P1 SS, with A. bisulcatus and O. chalcidica reaching an average biomass of 40.2 and 21.5 g DW/plant. Trace metal concentrations in aerial parts were: As (P. vittata) 380 mg/kg DW, Ni (O. chalcidica) 683 mg/kg DW, Se (A. bisulcatus) 165 mg/kg DW, Zn (N. caerulescens) 461 mg/kg DW. The total removal of As, Ni, Se and Zn from SS due to phytoextraction was 5.8, 19, 18, 29% respectively. Conclusions This study demonstrated that phytoextraction can be applied to SS for the removal contaminants while recovering valuable metals. Se and As were identified as the most promising target element, while Ni and Zn removal was poorly efficient under the present experimental conditions.
Salinitro M.; Montanari S.; Simoni A.; Ciavatta C.; Tassoni A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/897711
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