In the present paper, the fluid flow and heat transfer of a nanofluid are numerically investigated. More specifically, reference is made to a nanofluid, described by means of Buongiorno’s model, subjected to Couette flow. The considered domain consists of a channel that displays a cavity shortly after the inlet section. The transport model for the nanofluid, that is the mass conservation, momentum, and nanoparticles equation, is written in a dimensionless form and solved by employing the software package Comsol Multiphysics. Many ideas emerged from this work: the visualization of the velocity stream function, the dimensionless temperature, and nanoparticle concentration fields are provided, as a function of the governing parameters: Reynolds, Peclet, Lewis, Brownian diffusivity number, and thermophoretic diffusivity number. Concerning the nanofluid typical effects, the thermophoretic diffusion seems to affect the solution much more than the Brownian diffusion. The Nusselt number on the upper wall is calculated as well, and the results show that it proves to be, in most of the considered cases, an increasing function of the Reynolds number. Moreover, concerning the Nusselt number, the Brownian diffusion effects are shown to be negligible.

Theoretical and Numerical Study on Buongiorno’s Model with a Couette Flow of a Nanofluid in a Channel with an Embedded Cavity

Eugenia Rossi di Schio
;
Andrea Natale Impiombato;Cesare Biserni
2022

Abstract

In the present paper, the fluid flow and heat transfer of a nanofluid are numerically investigated. More specifically, reference is made to a nanofluid, described by means of Buongiorno’s model, subjected to Couette flow. The considered domain consists of a channel that displays a cavity shortly after the inlet section. The transport model for the nanofluid, that is the mass conservation, momentum, and nanoparticles equation, is written in a dimensionless form and solved by employing the software package Comsol Multiphysics. Many ideas emerged from this work: the visualization of the velocity stream function, the dimensionless temperature, and nanoparticle concentration fields are provided, as a function of the governing parameters: Reynolds, Peclet, Lewis, Brownian diffusivity number, and thermophoretic diffusivity number. Concerning the nanofluid typical effects, the thermophoretic diffusion seems to affect the solution much more than the Brownian diffusion. The Nusselt number on the upper wall is calculated as well, and the results show that it proves to be, in most of the considered cases, an increasing function of the Reynolds number. Moreover, concerning the Nusselt number, the Brownian diffusion effects are shown to be negligible.
Eugenia Rossi di Schio, Andrea Natale Impiombato, Abderrahim Mokhefi, Cesare Biserni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/893831
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