The interaction of heme with blood serum proteins plays an important role in many physiological and pathological processes involving enzyme activity, gene expression and cell proliferation. The mechanisms underlying these interactions are; however, not yet fully understood. New analytical methods able to investigate protein-heme binding in native, biologically representative conditions are thus required. In this work, we present a method based on miniaturized, hollow-fiber flow field-flow fractionation with multiple spectrophotometric and light-scattering detection for size separation of high-abundance serum proteins and selective detection of heme-bound subpopulations. Heme is found to mainly interact with serum albumin, whereas a low amount also binds to other proteins such as IgM. The ability to bind heme in physiological conditions is also investigated for individual serum proteins. IgG is found unable to bind heme at clinically relevant concentrations. The proposed method allows separation, quantitation, and mass/size characterization of serum high-abundance proteins, providing information of heme-protein complex stability and preferred heme-clearing pathways. The same approach could be in perspective extended to the investigation of specific heme-antibody binding, and to further studies involving other molecules of pharmaceutical/clinical interest.

Tracking Heme-Protein Interactions in Healthy and Pathological Human Serum in Native Conditions by Miniaturized FFF-Multidetection

Valentina Marassi
Co-primo
;
Stefano Giordani
Co-primo
;
Pierluigi Reschiglian;Barbara Roda;Andrea Zattoni
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The interaction of heme with blood serum proteins plays an important role in many physiological and pathological processes involving enzyme activity, gene expression and cell proliferation. The mechanisms underlying these interactions are; however, not yet fully understood. New analytical methods able to investigate protein-heme binding in native, biologically representative conditions are thus required. In this work, we present a method based on miniaturized, hollow-fiber flow field-flow fractionation with multiple spectrophotometric and light-scattering detection for size separation of high-abundance serum proteins and selective detection of heme-bound subpopulations. Heme is found to mainly interact with serum albumin, whereas a low amount also binds to other proteins such as IgM. The ability to bind heme in physiological conditions is also investigated for individual serum proteins. IgG is found unable to bind heme at clinically relevant concentrations. The proposed method allows separation, quantitation, and mass/size characterization of serum high-abundance proteins, providing information of heme-protein complex stability and preferred heme-clearing pathways. The same approach could be in perspective extended to the investigation of specific heme-antibody binding, and to further studies involving other molecules of pharmaceutical/clinical interest.
Valentina Marassi; Stefano Giordani; Pierluigi Reschiglian; Barbara Roda; Andrea Zattoni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/891085
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