Through an analysis of Divine science of Contingency, Time and Necessity, this article aims to show two interpretations of Thomas Aquinas’ realism. The first one is based on a strong realistic and metaphysical conception; the other, on a more mediated and soft realism. These two interpretations are difficult to reconcile, since they are based on different assumptions and principles. It will be shown how the metaphysical reading of eternity as extra-temporality is based and, in turn, has leaded to a ideological interpretation that a philosophical investigation must reveal. Metaphysical reading, in fact, is based on an eternalism timelessness produced by analogical projection of human categories; in this context, eternalist reconstruction seems to coexist with the contingent, temporal and indeterminate knowledge of man, although the freedom thus obtained appears confined within the limits of the cognitive and temporal modes proper to the human intellect. But in this coherence an overinterpretative vulnus emerges. It consists in an unwarranted use of divine science, which is sometimes presented as the demonstratum placed to guarantee the freedom of creatures and sometimes as the demonstrandum to which, through an analogical extension of human cognitive modes, the realism of Thomas Aquinas’ argument aims.

Il tempo e la misura dell’eternità. Tommaso d’Aquino tra uso e interpretazione del realismo

Riccardo Fedriga
2020

Abstract

Through an analysis of Divine science of Contingency, Time and Necessity, this article aims to show two interpretations of Thomas Aquinas’ realism. The first one is based on a strong realistic and metaphysical conception; the other, on a more mediated and soft realism. These two interpretations are difficult to reconcile, since they are based on different assumptions and principles. It will be shown how the metaphysical reading of eternity as extra-temporality is based and, in turn, has leaded to a ideological interpretation that a philosophical investigation must reveal. Metaphysical reading, in fact, is based on an eternalism timelessness produced by analogical projection of human categories; in this context, eternalist reconstruction seems to coexist with the contingent, temporal and indeterminate knowledge of man, although the freedom thus obtained appears confined within the limits of the cognitive and temporal modes proper to the human intellect. But in this coherence an overinterpretative vulnus emerges. It consists in an unwarranted use of divine science, which is sometimes presented as the demonstratum placed to guarantee the freedom of creatures and sometimes as the demonstrandum to which, through an analogical extension of human cognitive modes, the realism of Thomas Aquinas’ argument aims.
Riccardo Fedriga
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/875391
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