Weakly developed paleosols from two distinct interfluve surfaces of Late Pleistocene age provide excellent keys to high-resolution stratigraphic correlation and may serve to trace large-scale genetic packages (systems tract equivalents) across the continental portion of the Po Basin. Twenty-four paleosol profiles from 17 sediment cores were identified and characterized for bulk-geochemical analysis. X-ray fluorescence data were used to trace the degree of weathering. Paleosols, 0.5–1.5 m thick, are pedogenically altered floodplain deposits, developed over time spans of a few thousand of years and mostly partitioned into A-Bk horizons. The most notable paleosol features are dark, organic-matter-rich and carbonate-free mineral surface horizons (A) that overlie bright calcic horizons (Bk) typified by the accumulation of secondary carbonates in the form of pedogenic nodules. Paleosol profiles exhibit a homogeneous geochemical signature that fingerprints a moderate degree of weathering, with little strike- and dip-oriented variability across the different study localities. Plots of Al-normalized calcification and base loss indices against depth reveal systematic increasing values from intensely altered A horizons to underlying Bk horizons. These trends reflect consistent patterns of Ca translocation from surface horizons deeper into the profile, with significant to almost complete Ca removal from A horizons through leaching and accumulation in Bk horizons. Selected trace element ratios (Ba/Sr, Rb/Sr), redox-sensitive trace elements and Zr contents display opposite, up-profile increasing trends that reflect Sr loss in A horizons, with selective Zr concentration in residual minerals. Vertical trends in element ratios are laterally extensive and consistent on a regional basis and represent key pedochemical/stratigraphic markers that can be traced over great distances (tens of kms) throughout the inland portion of the basin. Through quantitative assessment of the degree of weathering, geochemical profiling provides high potential for robust subsurface paleosol correlation that might not be captured by visual core descriptions alone.

Patterns of geochemical variability across weakly developed paleosol profiles and their role as regional stratigraphic markers (Upper Pleistocene, Po Plain)

Amorosi A.
Primo
;
Campo B.;Di Martino A.;
2021

Abstract

Weakly developed paleosols from two distinct interfluve surfaces of Late Pleistocene age provide excellent keys to high-resolution stratigraphic correlation and may serve to trace large-scale genetic packages (systems tract equivalents) across the continental portion of the Po Basin. Twenty-four paleosol profiles from 17 sediment cores were identified and characterized for bulk-geochemical analysis. X-ray fluorescence data were used to trace the degree of weathering. Paleosols, 0.5–1.5 m thick, are pedogenically altered floodplain deposits, developed over time spans of a few thousand of years and mostly partitioned into A-Bk horizons. The most notable paleosol features are dark, organic-matter-rich and carbonate-free mineral surface horizons (A) that overlie bright calcic horizons (Bk) typified by the accumulation of secondary carbonates in the form of pedogenic nodules. Paleosol profiles exhibit a homogeneous geochemical signature that fingerprints a moderate degree of weathering, with little strike- and dip-oriented variability across the different study localities. Plots of Al-normalized calcification and base loss indices against depth reveal systematic increasing values from intensely altered A horizons to underlying Bk horizons. These trends reflect consistent patterns of Ca translocation from surface horizons deeper into the profile, with significant to almost complete Ca removal from A horizons through leaching and accumulation in Bk horizons. Selected trace element ratios (Ba/Sr, Rb/Sr), redox-sensitive trace elements and Zr contents display opposite, up-profile increasing trends that reflect Sr loss in A horizons, with selective Zr concentration in residual minerals. Vertical trends in element ratios are laterally extensive and consistent on a regional basis and represent key pedochemical/stratigraphic markers that can be traced over great distances (tens of kms) throughout the inland portion of the basin. Through quantitative assessment of the degree of weathering, geochemical profiling provides high potential for robust subsurface paleosol correlation that might not be captured by visual core descriptions alone.
Amorosi A.; Bruno L.; Campo B.; Di Martino A.; Sammartino I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/871198
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