: Asthma is a complex and heterogeneous disease, caused by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors with a predominant allergic background in children. The role of specific genes in asthmatic bronchial reactivity is still not clear, probably because of the many common pathways shared with other allergic disorders. This study is focused on 11 SNPs possibly related to asthma that were previously identified in a GWAS study. The genetic variability of these SNPs has been analysed in a population of 773 Italian healthy controls, and the presence of an association between the polymorphisms and the asthma onset was evaluated performing genotyping analysis on 108 children affected with asthma compared with the controls. Moreover, a pool of 171 patients with only allergic rhinoconjunctivitis has been included in the case-control analysis. The comparison of allele frequencies in asthmatic patients versus healthy controls identified two SNPs-rs1162394 (p = 0.019) and rs25681 (p = 0.044)-associated with the asthmatic condition, which were not differentially distributed in the rhinoconjunctivitis group. The rs25681 SNP, together with three other SNPs, also resulted in not being homogenously distributed in the Italian population. The significantly higher frequency of the rs25681 and rs1162394 SNPs (located, respectively, in the C5 and SRGAP3 genes) in the asthmatic population suggests an involvement of these genes in the asthmatic context, playing a role in increasing the inflammatory condition that may influence asthma onset and clinical course.

C5 and SRGAP3 Polymorphisms Are Linked to Paediatric Allergic Asthma in the Italian Population

Messelodi, Daria;Giuliani, Cristina;Armuzzi, Silvia;di Palmo, Emanuela;Garagnani, Paolo;Bertelli, Luca;Astolfi, Annalisa;Luiselli, Donata;Ricci, Giampaolo
;
Pession, Andrea
2022

Abstract

: Asthma is a complex and heterogeneous disease, caused by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors with a predominant allergic background in children. The role of specific genes in asthmatic bronchial reactivity is still not clear, probably because of the many common pathways shared with other allergic disorders. This study is focused on 11 SNPs possibly related to asthma that were previously identified in a GWAS study. The genetic variability of these SNPs has been analysed in a population of 773 Italian healthy controls, and the presence of an association between the polymorphisms and the asthma onset was evaluated performing genotyping analysis on 108 children affected with asthma compared with the controls. Moreover, a pool of 171 patients with only allergic rhinoconjunctivitis has been included in the case-control analysis. The comparison of allele frequencies in asthmatic patients versus healthy controls identified two SNPs-rs1162394 (p = 0.019) and rs25681 (p = 0.044)-associated with the asthmatic condition, which were not differentially distributed in the rhinoconjunctivitis group. The rs25681 SNP, together with three other SNPs, also resulted in not being homogenously distributed in the Italian population. The significantly higher frequency of the rs25681 and rs1162394 SNPs (located, respectively, in the C5 and SRGAP3 genes) in the asthmatic population suggests an involvement of these genes in the asthmatic context, playing a role in increasing the inflammatory condition that may influence asthma onset and clinical course.
Messelodi, Daria; Giuliani, Cristina; Cipriani, Francesca; Armuzzi, Silvia; di Palmo, Emanuela; Garagnani, Paolo; Bertelli, Luca; Astolfi, Annalisa; Luiselli, Donata; Ricci, Giampaolo; Pession, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/870653
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