This paper considers a scenario where a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is deployed to allow the localization of mobile users adopting a single anchor node, even under non-line-of-sight (NLOS) channel conditions. When the RIS is large and the operating frequency is high, as in the millimeter-wave band, the system is likely to operate in the near-field propagation regime, which can be exploited to obtain robust localization. To this purpose, two practical signaling and positioning algorithms, based on an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) downlink system, are proposed along with methods to design the RIS time-varying reflection coefficients. In the numerical results, the two algorithms are compared in terms of performance in the presence of a synchronization mismatch and considering trade-offs between bandwidth, overhead, operating frequency, and latency. Finally, we provide an analysis of the soft-coverage capability, i.e., on the possibility of maintaining a high level of localization accuracy when in the presence of increasing levels of obstruction of the RIS.

LOS/NLOS Near-Field Localization with a Large Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface

Dardari D.;Decarli N.;Guerra A.;
2021

Abstract

This paper considers a scenario where a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is deployed to allow the localization of mobile users adopting a single anchor node, even under non-line-of-sight (NLOS) channel conditions. When the RIS is large and the operating frequency is high, as in the millimeter-wave band, the system is likely to operate in the near-field propagation regime, which can be exploited to obtain robust localization. To this purpose, two practical signaling and positioning algorithms, based on an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) downlink system, are proposed along with methods to design the RIS time-varying reflection coefficients. In the numerical results, the two algorithms are compared in terms of performance in the presence of a synchronization mismatch and considering trade-offs between bandwidth, overhead, operating frequency, and latency. Finally, we provide an analysis of the soft-coverage capability, i.e., on the possibility of maintaining a high level of localization accuracy when in the presence of increasing levels of obstruction of the RIS.
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS
Dardari D.; Decarli N.; Guerra A.; Guidi F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/862962
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