The ability to form spheroids under non-adherent conditions is a well-known property of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), in addition to stemness and multilineage differentiation features. In the present study, we tested the ability of hMSCs isolated from the vascular wall (hVW-MSCs) to grow as spheres, and provide a characterization of this 3D model. hVW-MSCs were isolated from femoral arteries through enzymatic digestion. Spheres were obtained using ultra-low attachment and hanging drop methods. Immunophenotype and pluripotent genes (SOX-2, OCT-4, NANOG) were analyzed by immunocytochemistry and real-time PCR, respectively. Spheres histological and ultrastructural architecture were examined. Cell viability and proliferative capacity were measured using LIVE/DEATH assay and ki-67 proliferation marker. Metabolomic profile was obtained with liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. In 2D, hVW-MSCs were spindle-shaped, expressed mesenchymal antigens, and displayed mesengenic potential. 3D cultures of hVW-MSCs were CD44+, CD105low, CD90low, exhibited a low propensity to enter the cell cycle as indicated by low percentage of ki-67 expression and accumulated intermediate metabolites pointing to slowed metabolism. The 3D model of hVW-MSCs exhibits stemness, dormancy and slow metabolism, typically observed in stem cell niches. This culture strategy can represent an accurate model to investigate hMSCs features for future clinical applications in the vascular field.

Phenotypic, morphological, and metabolic characterization of vascular-spheres from human vascular mesenchymal stem cells

Valente S.;Ciavarella C.;Pasquinelli G.
2022

Abstract

The ability to form spheroids under non-adherent conditions is a well-known property of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), in addition to stemness and multilineage differentiation features. In the present study, we tested the ability of hMSCs isolated from the vascular wall (hVW-MSCs) to grow as spheres, and provide a characterization of this 3D model. hVW-MSCs were isolated from femoral arteries through enzymatic digestion. Spheres were obtained using ultra-low attachment and hanging drop methods. Immunophenotype and pluripotent genes (SOX-2, OCT-4, NANOG) were analyzed by immunocytochemistry and real-time PCR, respectively. Spheres histological and ultrastructural architecture were examined. Cell viability and proliferative capacity were measured using LIVE/DEATH assay and ki-67 proliferation marker. Metabolomic profile was obtained with liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. In 2D, hVW-MSCs were spindle-shaped, expressed mesenchymal antigens, and displayed mesengenic potential. 3D cultures of hVW-MSCs were CD44+, CD105low, CD90low, exhibited a low propensity to enter the cell cycle as indicated by low percentage of ki-67 expression and accumulated intermediate metabolites pointing to slowed metabolism. The 3D model of hVW-MSCs exhibits stemness, dormancy and slow metabolism, typically observed in stem cell niches. This culture strategy can represent an accurate model to investigate hMSCs features for future clinical applications in the vascular field.
Valente S.; Ciavarella C.; Hernandez-Aguilera A.; Salvador F.-A.; Buzzi M.; Joven J.; Pasquinelli G.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/860143
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact