Background: As reported in the literature, [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ([18F]-FDG PET/CT) provides useful qualitative and semi-quantitative data for the prognosis of advanced differentiated thyroid cancer. Instead, there is a lack of data about the real clinical impact of 18F-FDG PET/CT on the choice of the more effective therapeutic approach for advanced differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) that starts to lose iodine avidity. The primary aim of this retrospective study was to assess how 18F-FDG PET/CT can guide the choice of the best therapeutic approach to RAI-refractory DTC (RAI-R-DTC) in patients with a doubtful iodine uptake/negative 18F-FDG PET/CT I whole-body scan after several radioactive iodine therapies (RAIT). The secondary aim was to assess the prognostic role of clinical and semi-quantitative metabolic 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters in comparison to published data. Materials and methods: A monocentric retrospective observational study was performed, reviewing the medical records of 53 patients recruited from a database of 208 patients treated at our Institution between 2011 and 2019, with advanced DTC that underwent FDG PET/CT scan for a suspected RAI-R-DTC. Selected patients had to perform a 18F-FDG PET/CT scan after the second RAIT based on a doubtful iodine uptake/negative 131 I whole-body scan and/or persistent elevated thyroglobulin levels. Metabolic response was defined according to positron emission tomography response criteria in solid tumors (PERCIST) guidelines. Standardized uptake value (SUV)max, SUVmean, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were calculated. The association between metabolic features, clinical parameters and progression free survival (PFS) was assessed applying Kruskal-Wallis, chi-square-Pearson correlation tests, and Cox regression analyses when appropriate. Results: Among our sample of 53 patients (mean age 52.0 ± 19.9 years; 31 women and 22 men), 27 (51.0%) presented a positive 18F-FDG PET/CT scan: 16 (59.0%) underwent watchful waiting, 4 (15.0%) received external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT), 4 (15.0%) underwent surgery, 2 (7.4%) received another course of RAI therapy, and 1 underwent surgery + EBRT. PERCIST response was evaluated in 14/27 patients. Median follow-up was 5.8 ± 3.9 years and median PFS was 38.0 ± 21.8 months. At the last follow-up assessment, 14/53 (26.4%) demonstrated disease progression, 13/53 (24.5) persistence of structural disease, 25/53 (47%) persistence of biochemical disease, and 15/53 (28%) had an excellent response. A significant association was found between therapeutic approach, metabolic response, and final disease response evaluation, as well as a linear correlation between MTV and TLG with thyroglobulin level. Conclusions: Our Institutional experience confirmed the role of 18F-FDG PET/CT as a useful guide in the clinical management of RAI-R-DTC and obviated further unnecessary RAIT.

Impact of 18F-FDG PET/CT on Clinical Management of Suspected Radio-Iodine Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (RAI-R-DTC).

Repaci A;Zanoni L;Vicennati V;Cavicchi O;Pagotto U;Morganti AG;Fanti S;
2021

Abstract

Background: As reported in the literature, [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ([18F]-FDG PET/CT) provides useful qualitative and semi-quantitative data for the prognosis of advanced differentiated thyroid cancer. Instead, there is a lack of data about the real clinical impact of 18F-FDG PET/CT on the choice of the more effective therapeutic approach for advanced differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) that starts to lose iodine avidity. The primary aim of this retrospective study was to assess how 18F-FDG PET/CT can guide the choice of the best therapeutic approach to RAI-refractory DTC (RAI-R-DTC) in patients with a doubtful iodine uptake/negative 18F-FDG PET/CT I whole-body scan after several radioactive iodine therapies (RAIT). The secondary aim was to assess the prognostic role of clinical and semi-quantitative metabolic 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters in comparison to published data. Materials and methods: A monocentric retrospective observational study was performed, reviewing the medical records of 53 patients recruited from a database of 208 patients treated at our Institution between 2011 and 2019, with advanced DTC that underwent FDG PET/CT scan for a suspected RAI-R-DTC. Selected patients had to perform a 18F-FDG PET/CT scan after the second RAIT based on a doubtful iodine uptake/negative 131 I whole-body scan and/or persistent elevated thyroglobulin levels. Metabolic response was defined according to positron emission tomography response criteria in solid tumors (PERCIST) guidelines. Standardized uptake value (SUV)max, SUVmean, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were calculated. The association between metabolic features, clinical parameters and progression free survival (PFS) was assessed applying Kruskal-Wallis, chi-square-Pearson correlation tests, and Cox regression analyses when appropriate. Results: Among our sample of 53 patients (mean age 52.0 ± 19.9 years; 31 women and 22 men), 27 (51.0%) presented a positive 18F-FDG PET/CT scan: 16 (59.0%) underwent watchful waiting, 4 (15.0%) received external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT), 4 (15.0%) underwent surgery, 2 (7.4%) received another course of RAI therapy, and 1 underwent surgery + EBRT. PERCIST response was evaluated in 14/27 patients. Median follow-up was 5.8 ± 3.9 years and median PFS was 38.0 ± 21.8 months. At the last follow-up assessment, 14/53 (26.4%) demonstrated disease progression, 13/53 (24.5) persistence of structural disease, 25/53 (47%) persistence of biochemical disease, and 15/53 (28%) had an excellent response. A significant association was found between therapeutic approach, metabolic response, and final disease response evaluation, as well as a linear correlation between MTV and TLG with thyroglobulin level. Conclusions: Our Institutional experience confirmed the role of 18F-FDG PET/CT as a useful guide in the clinical management of RAI-R-DTC and obviated further unnecessary RAIT.
2021
Lodi Rizzini E, Repaci A, Tabacchi E, Zanoni L, Vicennati V, Cavicchi O, Pagotto U, Morganti AG, Fanti S, Monari F.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
diagnostics-11-01430-v2.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione (CCBY)
Dimensione 695.41 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
695.41 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/856191
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact