Objective: This study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of the proposed ‘Gold Coast’ (GC) diagnostic criteria for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods: Five European centres retrospectively sampled consecutive patients referred for electromyography on suspicion of ALS. Patients were classified according to the GC criteria, the revised El Escorial (rEE) criteria and the Awaji (AW) criteria without and with the ‘Possible’ category (+ Poss). Reference standard was ALS confirmed by disease progression at follow-up. Results: Of 404 eligible patients 272 were diagnosed as ALS, 94 had mimicking disorders, 35 were lost for follow-up, and three had insufficient data. Sensitivity for the GC criteria was 88.2% (95% CI: 83.8-91.8%), which was higher than for previous criteria, of which the AW + Poss criteria reached the highest sensitivity of 77.6% (95% CI: 72.2–82.4%) (p < 0.001). Specificity was high for all criteria. The increase in sensitivity for the GC criteria was mainly due to the inclusion of 28 patients with progressive muscular atrophy (PMA). Conclusions: The simpler GC criteria increase the sensitivity, primarily due to considering PMA as a form of ALS with high specificity preserved. Significance: This validation study supports that GC criteria should be used in clinical practice and may be used for inclusion in trials.

Gold Coast diagnostic criteria increase sensitivity in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Liguori R.;Vacchiano V.;
2021

Abstract

Objective: This study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of the proposed ‘Gold Coast’ (GC) diagnostic criteria for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods: Five European centres retrospectively sampled consecutive patients referred for electromyography on suspicion of ALS. Patients were classified according to the GC criteria, the revised El Escorial (rEE) criteria and the Awaji (AW) criteria without and with the ‘Possible’ category (+ Poss). Reference standard was ALS confirmed by disease progression at follow-up. Results: Of 404 eligible patients 272 were diagnosed as ALS, 94 had mimicking disorders, 35 were lost for follow-up, and three had insufficient data. Sensitivity for the GC criteria was 88.2% (95% CI: 83.8-91.8%), which was higher than for previous criteria, of which the AW + Poss criteria reached the highest sensitivity of 77.6% (95% CI: 72.2–82.4%) (p < 0.001). Specificity was high for all criteria. The increase in sensitivity for the GC criteria was mainly due to the inclusion of 28 patients with progressive muscular atrophy (PMA). Conclusions: The simpler GC criteria increase the sensitivity, primarily due to considering PMA as a form of ALS with high specificity preserved. Significance: This validation study supports that GC criteria should be used in clinical practice and may be used for inclusion in trials.
Pugdahl K.; Camdessanche J.-P.; Cengiz B.; de Carvalho M.; Liguori R.; Rossatto C.; Oliveira Santos M.; Vacchiano V.; Johnsen B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/852148
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