We trace the history of Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel's entrepreneurial journey as a fashion designer from her early years as an outsider (early 1900s) to her rise to success and consecration as an icon within the French haute couture field (early 1930s)-a field controlled by powerful insiders. Our study sheds light on the social forces and historical circumstances underlying an outsider's journey from the margins of an established field to its core. Drawing on unique historical material, we develop a novel process view that highlights the shifting influence of forces operating at different levels in the accumulation, deployment, and conversion of various forms of capital (i.e., human, social, economic, and symbolic) that outsiders need to promote their ideas. In particular, our multilevel perspective accounts simultaneously for the individual's efforts to push forward these ideas (micro-level), as well as the audience dynamics (meso-level) and exogenous forces (macro-level) that shape their recognition. Chanel's historical case analysis also affords a window into one of the first female entrepreneurs with global impact in business history, with the added challenge of establishing herself in what at the time was a male-dominated and mature field.

From the Margins to the Core of Haute Couture: The Entrepreneurial Journey of Coco Chanel

Colucci, Mariachiara;Ferriani, Simone
2022

Abstract

We trace the history of Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel's entrepreneurial journey as a fashion designer from her early years as an outsider (early 1900s) to her rise to success and consecration as an icon within the French haute couture field (early 1930s)-a field controlled by powerful insiders. Our study sheds light on the social forces and historical circumstances underlying an outsider's journey from the margins of an established field to its core. Drawing on unique historical material, we develop a novel process view that highlights the shifting influence of forces operating at different levels in the accumulation, deployment, and conversion of various forms of capital (i.e., human, social, economic, and symbolic) that outsiders need to promote their ideas. In particular, our multilevel perspective accounts simultaneously for the individual's efforts to push forward these ideas (micro-level), as well as the audience dynamics (meso-level) and exogenous forces (macro-level) that shape their recognition. Chanel's historical case analysis also affords a window into one of the first female entrepreneurs with global impact in business history, with the added challenge of establishing herself in what at the time was a male-dominated and mature field.
Cattani, Gino; Colucci, Mariachiara; Ferriani, Simone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/851701
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