Gelatin-based films enriched with snail slime are proposed as novel biodegradable and naturally bioadhesive patches for cutaneous drug delivery. Films (thickness range 163–248 μm) were stretchable and they adhered firmly onto the wetted skin, especially those with high amount (70% V/V) of snail slime extract. Fluconazole was selected as model drug and added to films containing the highest amount of snail slime. The presence of Fluconazole (4.53 ± 0.07% w/w) did not modify significantly the mechanical properties, the swelling degree and the bioadhesive performances of the films. Structural investigations demonstrated that the crystalline form III of the drug changed to the amorphous one, forming an amorphous solid dispersion. Moreover, snail slime prevented the drug recrystallization over time. In vitro permeation studies showed that film exhibited a cumulative drug concentration (over 60% in 24 h) similar to that of the control solution containing 20% w/V of ethanol. Fluconazole-loaded gelatin films proved to be effective towards clinical isolates of Candida spp. indicating that the drug maintained its remarkable antifungal activity once formulated into gelatin and snail slime-based films. In conclusion, snail slime, thanks to its peculiar composition, has proved to be responsible of optimal skin adhesion, film flexibility and of the formation of a supersaturating drug delivery system able to increase skin permeation.

Novel drug-loaded film forming patch based on gelatin and snail slime

Di Filippo M. F.;Albertini B.;Dolci L. S.;Bonvicini F.;Bigi A.;Gentilomi G. A.;Passerini N.;Panzavolta S.
2021

Abstract

Gelatin-based films enriched with snail slime are proposed as novel biodegradable and naturally bioadhesive patches for cutaneous drug delivery. Films (thickness range 163–248 μm) were stretchable and they adhered firmly onto the wetted skin, especially those with high amount (70% V/V) of snail slime extract. Fluconazole was selected as model drug and added to films containing the highest amount of snail slime. The presence of Fluconazole (4.53 ± 0.07% w/w) did not modify significantly the mechanical properties, the swelling degree and the bioadhesive performances of the films. Structural investigations demonstrated that the crystalline form III of the drug changed to the amorphous one, forming an amorphous solid dispersion. Moreover, snail slime prevented the drug recrystallization over time. In vitro permeation studies showed that film exhibited a cumulative drug concentration (over 60% in 24 h) similar to that of the control solution containing 20% w/V of ethanol. Fluconazole-loaded gelatin films proved to be effective towards clinical isolates of Candida spp. indicating that the drug maintained its remarkable antifungal activity once formulated into gelatin and snail slime-based films. In conclusion, snail slime, thanks to its peculiar composition, has proved to be responsible of optimal skin adhesion, film flexibility and of the formation of a supersaturating drug delivery system able to increase skin permeation.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS
Di Filippo M.F.; Albertini B.; Dolci L.S.; Bonvicini F.; Bigi A.; Gentilomi G.A.; Passerini N.; Panzavolta S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/840893
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