Introduction: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project identified four distinct prognostic groups in endometrial cancer (EC), among which two are correlated with an intermediate prognosis: the MisMatch Repair-deficient (MMRd) and the No Specific Molecular Profile (NSMP) groups. The two groups represent a heterogeneous subset of patients frequently harboring CTNNB1 alterations with distinctive clinicopathologic features. The study aimed to evaluate the miRNA expression in ECs to identify potential biomarkers of prognosis. Methods: We analyzed miRNA expression in 72 ECs classified as MMRd or NSMP including 15 ECs with CTNNB1 mutations. In the discovery step, miRNA expression was evaluated in 30 cases through TaqMan miRNA arrays. Subsequently, four miRNAs were validated in the total cohort of ECs. The data were further tested in the TCGA cohort, and correlations with overall survival (OS) and progression-free interval (PFI) were evaluated. Results: miR-499a-3p and miR-499a-5p resulted to be overexpressed in CTNNB1 mutant EC patients at intermediate risk. Similarly, in the TCGA cohort, miR-499a-3p and miR-499a-5p were differentially expressed between CTNNB1 mutant and wild-type patients (p < 0.0001). NSMP patients with low miR-499a-5p expression showed longer OS (p = 0.03, log-rank test). By combining miR-499a-3p or -5p expression levels with the CTNNB1 status, ECs with CTNNB1 mutation and lower miR-499a-5p expression showed better OS compared with the other subgroups (p = 0.03, log-rank test), among the NSMP patients. Moreover, in a multivariate analysis, combination of wild type CTNNB1 status and high miR-499a-5p expression was indipendently associated with high risk of death [HR (95%CI): 3.53 (1.1-10.5), p = 0.02]. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the combination of CTNNB1 status and miR-499a-5p allows a better stratification of NSMP patients and could promote a personalization of the treatment in intermediate-risk patients.

Identification of miR-499a-5p as a Potential Novel Biomarker for Risk Stratification in Endometrial Cancer

Ravegnini G.
;
De Leo A.;Coada C.;Gorini F.;de Biase D.;Ceccarelli C.;Dondi G.;Tesei M.;De Crescenzo E.;Corradini A. G.;Tallini G.;Hrelia P.;De Iaco P.;Angelini S.;Perrone A. M.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project identified four distinct prognostic groups in endometrial cancer (EC), among which two are correlated with an intermediate prognosis: the MisMatch Repair-deficient (MMRd) and the No Specific Molecular Profile (NSMP) groups. The two groups represent a heterogeneous subset of patients frequently harboring CTNNB1 alterations with distinctive clinicopathologic features. The study aimed to evaluate the miRNA expression in ECs to identify potential biomarkers of prognosis. Methods: We analyzed miRNA expression in 72 ECs classified as MMRd or NSMP including 15 ECs with CTNNB1 mutations. In the discovery step, miRNA expression was evaluated in 30 cases through TaqMan miRNA arrays. Subsequently, four miRNAs were validated in the total cohort of ECs. The data were further tested in the TCGA cohort, and correlations with overall survival (OS) and progression-free interval (PFI) were evaluated. Results: miR-499a-3p and miR-499a-5p resulted to be overexpressed in CTNNB1 mutant EC patients at intermediate risk. Similarly, in the TCGA cohort, miR-499a-3p and miR-499a-5p were differentially expressed between CTNNB1 mutant and wild-type patients (p < 0.0001). NSMP patients with low miR-499a-5p expression showed longer OS (p = 0.03, log-rank test). By combining miR-499a-3p or -5p expression levels with the CTNNB1 status, ECs with CTNNB1 mutation and lower miR-499a-5p expression showed better OS compared with the other subgroups (p = 0.03, log-rank test), among the NSMP patients. Moreover, in a multivariate analysis, combination of wild type CTNNB1 status and high miR-499a-5p expression was indipendently associated with high risk of death [HR (95%CI): 3.53 (1.1-10.5), p = 0.02]. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the combination of CTNNB1 status and miR-499a-5p allows a better stratification of NSMP patients and could promote a personalization of the treatment in intermediate-risk patients.
Ravegnini G.; De Leo A.; Coada C.; Gorini F.; de Biase D.; Ceccarelli C.; Dondi G.; Tesei M.; De Crescenzo E.; Santini D.; Corradini A.G.; Tallini G.; Hrelia P.; De Iaco P.; Angelini S.; Perrone A.M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/840004
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