Breast cancer is the most frequent and lethal tumor in women and finding the best therapeutic strategy for each patient is an important challenge. PARP inhibitors (PARPis) are the first, clinically approved drugs designed to exploit synthetic lethality in tumors harboring BRCA1/2 mu-tations. Recent evidence indicates that PARPis have the potential to be used both in monotherapy and combination strategies in breast cancer treatment. In this review, we show the mechanism of action of PARPis and discuss the latest clinical applications in different breast cancer treatment set-tings, including the use as neoadjuvant and adjuvant approaches. Furthermore, as a class, PARPis show many similarities but also certain critical differences which can have essential clinical impli-cations. Finally, we report the current knowledge about the resistance mechanisms to PARPis. A systematic PubMed search, using the entry terms “PARP inhibitors” and “breast cancer”, was per-formed to identify all published clinical trials (Phase I‐II‐III) and ongoing trials (ClinicalTrials.gov), that have been reported and discussed in this review.

Moving beyond parp inhibition: Current state and future perspectives in breast cancer

Palleschi M.;Virga A.;Ulivi P.;De Giorgi U.
2021

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most frequent and lethal tumor in women and finding the best therapeutic strategy for each patient is an important challenge. PARP inhibitors (PARPis) are the first, clinically approved drugs designed to exploit synthetic lethality in tumors harboring BRCA1/2 mu-tations. Recent evidence indicates that PARPis have the potential to be used both in monotherapy and combination strategies in breast cancer treatment. In this review, we show the mechanism of action of PARPis and discuss the latest clinical applications in different breast cancer treatment set-tings, including the use as neoadjuvant and adjuvant approaches. Furthermore, as a class, PARPis show many similarities but also certain critical differences which can have essential clinical impli-cations. Finally, we report the current knowledge about the resistance mechanisms to PARPis. A systematic PubMed search, using the entry terms “PARP inhibitors” and “breast cancer”, was per-formed to identify all published clinical trials (Phase I‐II‐III) and ongoing trials (ClinicalTrials.gov), that have been reported and discussed in this review.
Palleschi M.; Tedaldi G.; Sirico M.; Virga A.; Ulivi P.; De Giorgi U.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/835177
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