This paper studies the phenomenon of sloshing in the field of automatic machines for packaging of liquid products, with specific reference to containers with planar motions. After introducing two equivalent discrete models based on a mass-spring-damper system borrowed from the literature (one linear and one non-linear), a novel method is proposed to evaluate the sloshing height of the liquid, namely the deviation of its free surface at the wall of the container from the equilibrium condition. The merits of this method are that it is easy to use, requiring no experimental evaluation of the system parameters or computationally-expensive fluidodynamical simulations, and it gives good results also for highly dynamical motions. Moreover, though this paper focuses on cylindrical containers performing rectilinear movements, the technique therein presented can be extended to containers of arbitrary shape and generic planar motions. The method is validated by experimental tests using cylindrical containers of different dimensions and a large number of rectilinear motion laws with maximum accelerations up to 12m/s^2. The results are compared with those that may obtained by using other methods of equal complexity available in the literature, showing the effectiveness of the proposed technique.

A simple model-based method for sloshing estimation in liquid transfer in automatic machines

Guagliumi L.
;
Carricato M.
2021

Abstract

This paper studies the phenomenon of sloshing in the field of automatic machines for packaging of liquid products, with specific reference to containers with planar motions. After introducing two equivalent discrete models based on a mass-spring-damper system borrowed from the literature (one linear and one non-linear), a novel method is proposed to evaluate the sloshing height of the liquid, namely the deviation of its free surface at the wall of the container from the equilibrium condition. The merits of this method are that it is easy to use, requiring no experimental evaluation of the system parameters or computationally-expensive fluidodynamical simulations, and it gives good results also for highly dynamical motions. Moreover, though this paper focuses on cylindrical containers performing rectilinear movements, the technique therein presented can be extended to containers of arbitrary shape and generic planar motions. The method is validated by experimental tests using cylindrical containers of different dimensions and a large number of rectilinear motion laws with maximum accelerations up to 12m/s^2. The results are compared with those that may obtained by using other methods of equal complexity available in the literature, showing the effectiveness of the proposed technique.
Guagliumi L.; Berti A.; Monti E.; Carricato M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/834245
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