Welding of dissimilar materials, particularly copper and aluminum alloys, has gained considerable industrial interest in many different electric and electronic fields, such as the production of lithium-ion batteries for automotive applications. The differences in physical and chemical properties of these materials make fusion welding processes difficult to apply due to the formation of hard and brittle intermetallic compounds that impair both mechanical and electrical performance. In this paper, the effect of spot diameter on dissimilar laser autogenous lap-welding of copper and aluminum was studied. Experiments were conducted using a mid-power fiber laser source equipped with a galvo scanner and two different focal lengths to obtain two different spot diameters. The results showed that a smaller spot diameter promoted the formation of sound weld beads with better control of penetration depth, reduced mixing of the base metals and lower laser power requirements. By selecting the correct process parameters, good mechanical properties and low contact resistance could be obtained with both focal lengths. SEM-EDX analysis confirmed that a smaller spot diameter minimized the formation of copper rich phases in the weld bead.

Dimatteo, V., Ascari, A., Liverani, E., Fortunato, A. (2022). Experimental investigation on the effect of spot diameter on continuous-wave laser welding of copper and aluminum thin sheets for battery manufacturing. OPTICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY, 145(1), 1-12 [10.1016/j.optlastec.2021.107495].

Experimental investigation on the effect of spot diameter on continuous-wave laser welding of copper and aluminum thin sheets for battery manufacturing

Dimatteo, Vincenzo
Primo
;
Ascari, Alessandro
Secondo
;
Liverani, Erica
Penultimo
;
Fortunato, Alessandro
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Welding of dissimilar materials, particularly copper and aluminum alloys, has gained considerable industrial interest in many different electric and electronic fields, such as the production of lithium-ion batteries for automotive applications. The differences in physical and chemical properties of these materials make fusion welding processes difficult to apply due to the formation of hard and brittle intermetallic compounds that impair both mechanical and electrical performance. In this paper, the effect of spot diameter on dissimilar laser autogenous lap-welding of copper and aluminum was studied. Experiments were conducted using a mid-power fiber laser source equipped with a galvo scanner and two different focal lengths to obtain two different spot diameters. The results showed that a smaller spot diameter promoted the formation of sound weld beads with better control of penetration depth, reduced mixing of the base metals and lower laser power requirements. By selecting the correct process parameters, good mechanical properties and low contact resistance could be obtained with both focal lengths. SEM-EDX analysis confirmed that a smaller spot diameter minimized the formation of copper rich phases in the weld bead.
2022
Dimatteo, V., Ascari, A., Liverani, E., Fortunato, A. (2022). Experimental investigation on the effect of spot diameter on continuous-wave laser welding of copper and aluminum thin sheets for battery manufacturing. OPTICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY, 145(1), 1-12 [10.1016/j.optlastec.2021.107495].
Dimatteo, Vincenzo; Ascari, Alessandro; Liverani, Erica; Fortunato, Alessandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/830766
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