Design/methodology/approach: This study investigates the cleanability of support structures in Powder Bed Fusion technology. Digital models of cleaning operations were designed through Computer-Aided Engineering systems. Simulations of the airflow running into the powder entrapped within the thin walls of auxiliary supports were implemented by Computational Fluid Dynamics. This approach was applied to a set of randomly generated geometrical configurations to determine the air turbulence intensity depending on their design. Purpose: Support structures used in Laser Powder Bed Fusion are often difficult to clean from unsintered powder at the end of the process. This issue can be significantly reduced through a proper design of these auxiliary structures. This study aims to investigate preliminary the airflow within differently oriented support structures and to provide design guidelines to enhance their cleanability, especially the depowdering of them. Findings: The results, which are based on the assumption that a relationship exists between turbulence and powder removal effectiveness, demonstrated that the maximum cleanability is obtainable through specific relative rotations between consecutive support structures. Furthermore, it was possible to highlight the considerable influence of the auxiliary structures next to the fluid inlet. These relevant findings establish optimal design rules for the cleanability of parts manufactured by Powder Bed Fusion processes. Originality/value: This study presents a preliminary investigation into the cleanability of support structures in Laser Powder Bed Fusion, which has not been addressed by previous literature. The results allow for a better understanding of the fluid dynamics during cleaning operations. New guidelines to enhance the cleanability of support structures are provided based on the results of simulations.

Numerical Investigation into Cleanability of Support Structures produced by Powder Bed Fusion technology

Giampaolo Campana
;
Mattia Mele;
2021

Abstract

Design/methodology/approach: This study investigates the cleanability of support structures in Powder Bed Fusion technology. Digital models of cleaning operations were designed through Computer-Aided Engineering systems. Simulations of the airflow running into the powder entrapped within the thin walls of auxiliary supports were implemented by Computational Fluid Dynamics. This approach was applied to a set of randomly generated geometrical configurations to determine the air turbulence intensity depending on their design. Purpose: Support structures used in Laser Powder Bed Fusion are often difficult to clean from unsintered powder at the end of the process. This issue can be significantly reduced through a proper design of these auxiliary structures. This study aims to investigate preliminary the airflow within differently oriented support structures and to provide design guidelines to enhance their cleanability, especially the depowdering of them. Findings: The results, which are based on the assumption that a relationship exists between turbulence and powder removal effectiveness, demonstrated that the maximum cleanability is obtainable through specific relative rotations between consecutive support structures. Furthermore, it was possible to highlight the considerable influence of the auxiliary structures next to the fluid inlet. These relevant findings establish optimal design rules for the cleanability of parts manufactured by Powder Bed Fusion processes. Originality/value: This study presents a preliminary investigation into the cleanability of support structures in Laser Powder Bed Fusion, which has not been addressed by previous literature. The results allow for a better understanding of the fluid dynamics during cleaning operations. New guidelines to enhance the cleanability of support structures are provided based on the results of simulations.
Giampaolo Campana, Eckart Uhlmann, Mattia Mele, Luca Raffaelli, André Bergmann, Jaroslaw Kochan, Julian Polte
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/829861
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