Wire-and-arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) is an innovative technology that involves deposition of subsequent layers of molten materials. Due to the high deposition rates, this technology is suitable for the production of large-scale complex structures. Further enhancement in the productivity can be achieved by an interlayer cooling strategy that reduces idle time between depositions. However, the effect of the interlayer cooling on microstructure and mechanical properties has to be addressed. In this view, the present work compares microstructural features and mechanical properties of WAAM-produced plates of austenitic AISI 304 L, focusing on the effect of both active interlayer air cooling and possible anisotropy induced by the additive process. Microstructural and mechanical characterization was conducted on samples extracted along the longitudinal, transverse, and diagonal directions to the deposition layers of WAAM plates, processed with and without interlayer active cooling. Results showed no remarkable influence of cooling conditions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of WAAM plates, which are indeed affected by the anisotropy induced by the additive process. The observed anisotropy in the elastic modulus, independent from different cooling conditions, was related to the crystallographic texture consequent to the highly oriented microstructure typically induced by the process.

Influence of Interlayer Forced Air Cooling on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Wire Arc Additively Manufactured 304L Austenitic Stainless Steel

Tonelli L.;Sola R.;Laghi V.;Palermo M.;Trombetti T.;Ceschini L.
2021

Abstract

Wire-and-arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) is an innovative technology that involves deposition of subsequent layers of molten materials. Due to the high deposition rates, this technology is suitable for the production of large-scale complex structures. Further enhancement in the productivity can be achieved by an interlayer cooling strategy that reduces idle time between depositions. However, the effect of the interlayer cooling on microstructure and mechanical properties has to be addressed. In this view, the present work compares microstructural features and mechanical properties of WAAM-produced plates of austenitic AISI 304 L, focusing on the effect of both active interlayer air cooling and possible anisotropy induced by the additive process. Microstructural and mechanical characterization was conducted on samples extracted along the longitudinal, transverse, and diagonal directions to the deposition layers of WAAM plates, processed with and without interlayer active cooling. Results showed no remarkable influence of cooling conditions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of WAAM plates, which are indeed affected by the anisotropy induced by the additive process. The observed anisotropy in the elastic modulus, independent from different cooling conditions, was related to the crystallographic texture consequent to the highly oriented microstructure typically induced by the process.
STEEL RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
Tonelli L.; Sola R.; Laghi V.; Palermo M.; Trombetti T.; Ceschini L.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/829346
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact