Recent evidence indicates that extracellular adenosine triphosphate (eATP), as a major mediator of purinergic signaling, plays an important role in regulating the mobilization and homing of hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPCs). In our previous work we demonstrated that eATP activates the P2X7 ion channel receptor in HSPCs and that its deficiency impairs stem cell trafficking. To learn more about the role of the P2X purinergic receptor family in hematopoiesis, we phenotyped murine and human HSPCs with respect to the seven P2X receptors and observed that, these cells also highly express P2X4 receptors, which shows ~50% sequence similarity to P2X7 subtypes, but that P2X4 cells are more sensitive to eATP and signal much more rapidly. Using the selective P2X4 receptor antagonist PSB12054 as well as P2X4-KO mice, we found that the P2X4 receptor, similar to P2X7 receptor, promotes trafficking of HSPCs in that its deficiency leads to impaired chemotaxis of HSPCs in response to a stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) gradient, less effective pharmacological mobilization, and defective homing and engraftment of HSPCs after transplantation into myeloablated hosts. This correlated with a decrease in SDF-1 expression in the BM microenvironment. Overall, our results confirm the proposed cooperative dependence of both receptors in response to eATP signaling. In G-CSF-induced mobilization, a lack of one receptor is not compensated by the presence of the other one, which supports their mutual dependence in regulating HSPC trafficking.

Adamiak M., Bujko K., Thapa A., Pensato V., Brzezniakiewicz-Janus K., Ratajczak J., et al. (2021). The P2X4 purinergic receptor has emerged as a potent regulator of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell mobilization and homing—a novel view of P2X4 and P2X7 receptor interaction in orchestrating stem cell trafficking. LEUKEMIA, Leukemia . 2021, 1-9 [10.1038/s41375-021-01352-9].

The P2X4 purinergic receptor has emerged as a potent regulator of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell mobilization and homing—a novel view of P2X4 and P2X7 receptor interaction in orchestrating stem cell trafficking

Pensato V.;
2021

Abstract

Recent evidence indicates that extracellular adenosine triphosphate (eATP), as a major mediator of purinergic signaling, plays an important role in regulating the mobilization and homing of hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPCs). In our previous work we demonstrated that eATP activates the P2X7 ion channel receptor in HSPCs and that its deficiency impairs stem cell trafficking. To learn more about the role of the P2X purinergic receptor family in hematopoiesis, we phenotyped murine and human HSPCs with respect to the seven P2X receptors and observed that, these cells also highly express P2X4 receptors, which shows ~50% sequence similarity to P2X7 subtypes, but that P2X4 cells are more sensitive to eATP and signal much more rapidly. Using the selective P2X4 receptor antagonist PSB12054 as well as P2X4-KO mice, we found that the P2X4 receptor, similar to P2X7 receptor, promotes trafficking of HSPCs in that its deficiency leads to impaired chemotaxis of HSPCs in response to a stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) gradient, less effective pharmacological mobilization, and defective homing and engraftment of HSPCs after transplantation into myeloablated hosts. This correlated with a decrease in SDF-1 expression in the BM microenvironment. Overall, our results confirm the proposed cooperative dependence of both receptors in response to eATP signaling. In G-CSF-induced mobilization, a lack of one receptor is not compensated by the presence of the other one, which supports their mutual dependence in regulating HSPC trafficking.
2021
Adamiak M., Bujko K., Thapa A., Pensato V., Brzezniakiewicz-Janus K., Ratajczak J., et al. (2021). The P2X4 purinergic receptor has emerged as a potent regulator of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell mobilization and homing—a novel view of P2X4 and P2X7 receptor interaction in orchestrating stem cell trafficking. LEUKEMIA, Leukemia . 2021, 1-9 [10.1038/s41375-021-01352-9].
Adamiak M.; Bujko K.; Thapa A.; Pensato V.; Brzezniakiewicz-Janus K.; Ratajczak J.; Davies D.L.; Ulrich H.; Kucia M.; Ratajczak M.Z.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/829249
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