As emulsifiers become saturated on the surface of an emulsion droplet, any additional emulsifier migrates to the aqueous phase. Continuous phase surfactants have been shown to increase α-tocopherol efficacy, but it is unclear if this is the result of chemical or physical effects. The addition of α-tocopherol to an oil-in-water emulsion after homogenization resulted in a 70% increase of α-tocopherol in the continuous phase when sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was at levels that were greater than the SDS critical micelle concentration. Conversely, when α-tocopherol was dissolved in the lipid before emulsification, continuous phase SDS concentrations did not increase. When SDS concentration led to an increase in the aqueous phase α-tocopherol, the oxidative stability of oil-in-water emulsions increased. Data indicated that the increased antioxidant activity was the result of surfactant micelles being able to decrease the prooxidant activity of α-tocopherol. Considering these results, surfactant micelles could be an important tool to increase the effectiveness of α-tocopherol.

Ability of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles to increase the antioxidant activity of α-tocopherol

M. T. Rodriguez-Estrada;
2021

Abstract

As emulsifiers become saturated on the surface of an emulsion droplet, any additional emulsifier migrates to the aqueous phase. Continuous phase surfactants have been shown to increase α-tocopherol efficacy, but it is unclear if this is the result of chemical or physical effects. The addition of α-tocopherol to an oil-in-water emulsion after homogenization resulted in a 70% increase of α-tocopherol in the continuous phase when sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was at levels that were greater than the SDS critical micelle concentration. Conversely, when α-tocopherol was dissolved in the lipid before emulsification, continuous phase SDS concentrations did not increase. When SDS concentration led to an increase in the aqueous phase α-tocopherol, the oxidative stability of oil-in-water emulsions increased. Data indicated that the increased antioxidant activity was the result of surfactant micelles being able to decrease the prooxidant activity of α-tocopherol. Considering these results, surfactant micelles could be an important tool to increase the effectiveness of α-tocopherol.
2021
R. Inchingolo; I. Bayram; S. Uluata; S. Kiralan; M. T. Rodriguez-Estrada; D. McClements; E. A. Decker
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/827030
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