Central disorders of hypersomnolence (CDH) are characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness not related to comorbid sleep or medical disturbances. We systematically examined scientific literature on cognitive functions in patients suffering from CDH. Forty-eight studies proved eligible and were analyzed separately for Narcolepsy Type 1 (NT1), Narcolepsy Type 2 (NT2), Idiopathic hypersomnia (IH) and Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS). Results were grouped into the cognitive domains of attention, memory, executive functions and higher order cognition. Consistent attention impairments emerged in NT1, NT2 and IH patients, with NT1 patients showing the most compromised profile. Memory functions are largely unimpaired in CDH patients except for KLS patients who display memory deficit. Executive functions and higher-order cognition have been assessed in NT1 while they received little-to-no attention in the other CDH. NT1 patients display high performance in executive functions but exhibit a complex pattern of impairment in higher-order cognition, showing poor decision-making and impaired emotional processing. Moreover, NT1 patients show increased creative abilities. Assessing and monitoring cognitive impairments experienced by CDH patients will allow the design of personalized interventions, parallel to pharmacological treatment, aimed at improving daytime functioning and quality of life of these patients.

Cognitive dysfunction in central disorders of hypersomnolence: A systematic review

Marco Filardi;Anita D'Anselmo;Sergio Agnoli;Fabio Pizza;Giovanni E. Corazza;Giuseppe Plazzi
2021

Abstract

Central disorders of hypersomnolence (CDH) are characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness not related to comorbid sleep or medical disturbances. We systematically examined scientific literature on cognitive functions in patients suffering from CDH. Forty-eight studies proved eligible and were analyzed separately for Narcolepsy Type 1 (NT1), Narcolepsy Type 2 (NT2), Idiopathic hypersomnia (IH) and Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS). Results were grouped into the cognitive domains of attention, memory, executive functions and higher order cognition. Consistent attention impairments emerged in NT1, NT2 and IH patients, with NT1 patients showing the most compromised profile. Memory functions are largely unimpaired in CDH patients except for KLS patients who display memory deficit. Executive functions and higher-order cognition have been assessed in NT1 while they received little-to-no attention in the other CDH. NT1 patients display high performance in executive functions but exhibit a complex pattern of impairment in higher-order cognition, showing poor decision-making and impaired emotional processing. Moreover, NT1 patients show increased creative abilities. Assessing and monitoring cognitive impairments experienced by CDH patients will allow the design of personalized interventions, parallel to pharmacological treatment, aimed at improving daytime functioning and quality of life of these patients.
Marco Filardi; Anita D'Anselmo; Sergio Agnoli; Enrico Rubaltelli; Serena Mastria; Anastasia Mangiaruga; Christian Franceschini; Fabio Pizza; Giovanni E. Corazza; Giuseppe Plazzi
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/826886
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact