The ability of trans-2-hexenal, carvacrol and eugenol to control F. verticillioides was explored in vitro and in artificially infected kernels. The effect of the trans-2-hexenal fumigation on F. verticillioides control, fumonisin production and kernel germination was also investigated in naturally infected kernels. Trans-2-hexenal, carvacrol and eugenol vapour showed fungicidal activity against F. verticillioides, in in vitro trials. Trans-2-hexenal was the best pathogen inhibitor, followed by carvacrol and eugenol. In maize kernels, fumigations with trans-2-hexenal provided a high inhibitory effect on F. verticillioides growth and its efficacy depended on concentration and time of incubation. Reduction or delay in the germinability of the kernel were observed after trans-2-hexenal exposure. The results showed that trans-2-hexenal postharvest fumigation is effective in F. verticillioides control also in asymptomatic maize kernels, but cannot reduce fumonisin production.

Activity of natural compounds on Fusarium verticillioides and fumonisin production in stored maize kernels

MENNITI, ANNA MARIA;GREGORI, ROBERTO;NERI, FIORELLA
2010

Abstract

The ability of trans-2-hexenal, carvacrol and eugenol to control F. verticillioides was explored in vitro and in artificially infected kernels. The effect of the trans-2-hexenal fumigation on F. verticillioides control, fumonisin production and kernel germination was also investigated in naturally infected kernels. Trans-2-hexenal, carvacrol and eugenol vapour showed fungicidal activity against F. verticillioides, in in vitro trials. Trans-2-hexenal was the best pathogen inhibitor, followed by carvacrol and eugenol. In maize kernels, fumigations with trans-2-hexenal provided a high inhibitory effect on F. verticillioides growth and its efficacy depended on concentration and time of incubation. Reduction or delay in the germinability of the kernel were observed after trans-2-hexenal exposure. The results showed that trans-2-hexenal postharvest fumigation is effective in F. verticillioides control also in asymptomatic maize kernels, but cannot reduce fumonisin production.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/82433
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