A new high molecular weight aliphatic copolyester of PLLA characterized by a ABA triblock architecture was successfully synthesized by ring opening polymerization, using as initiator a low molecular weight hydroxyl terminated random copolymer of PBS, poly(butylene/triethylene succinate). To increase the final polymer molecular weight, thus ensuring both good processability and mechanical properties, chain extension reaction has been performed with hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) as chain extender. All the synthetic steps have been carried out in solvent-free conditions. Specifically, the A block consists of LLA sequences, whereas the B one is an aliphatic biodegradable and biocompatible random copolyester of poly(butylene succinate) containing “PEG-like” moiety. The so-obtained material was first characterized by the molecular point of view and then, prior to further characterization, subjected to two different annealing treatments. Annealing revealed to be an efficient tool to control the kind and amount of crystalline phase developed by the material, as confirmed by WAXS structural analysis, and to tailor the mechanical properties, typical of thermoplastic elastomers. Thermal treatment was found to affect also the mechanism of polymer degradation under physiological conditions. Last, but not least, in order to explore the possible use of such new PLLA-based copolymer in vascular tissue engineering, preliminary biocompatibility tests, using endothelial cells, were carried out.

New thermoplastic elastomer triblock copolymer of PLLA for cardiovascular tissue engineering: Annealing as efficient tool to tailor the solid-state properties

Guidotti G.;Soccio M.;Gazzano M.;Munari A.;Lotti N.
2021

Abstract

A new high molecular weight aliphatic copolyester of PLLA characterized by a ABA triblock architecture was successfully synthesized by ring opening polymerization, using as initiator a low molecular weight hydroxyl terminated random copolymer of PBS, poly(butylene/triethylene succinate). To increase the final polymer molecular weight, thus ensuring both good processability and mechanical properties, chain extension reaction has been performed with hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) as chain extender. All the synthetic steps have been carried out in solvent-free conditions. Specifically, the A block consists of LLA sequences, whereas the B one is an aliphatic biodegradable and biocompatible random copolyester of poly(butylene succinate) containing “PEG-like” moiety. The so-obtained material was first characterized by the molecular point of view and then, prior to further characterization, subjected to two different annealing treatments. Annealing revealed to be an efficient tool to control the kind and amount of crystalline phase developed by the material, as confirmed by WAXS structural analysis, and to tailor the mechanical properties, typical of thermoplastic elastomers. Thermal treatment was found to affect also the mechanism of polymer degradation under physiological conditions. Last, but not least, in order to explore the possible use of such new PLLA-based copolymer in vascular tissue engineering, preliminary biocompatibility tests, using endothelial cells, were carried out.
POLYMER
Guidotti G.; Soccio M.; Gazzano M.; Fusaro L.; Boccafoschi F.; Munari A.; Lotti N.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/822220
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