Biopharmaceuticals are subjected to very strict purity requirements to be marketed. At the same time, peptides and other biomolecules are industrially synthesized through techniques (e.g., solid-phase synthesis) often leading to the formation of many impurities with molecular characteristics very similar to the target product. Therefore, the purification of these mixtures via preparative chromatography can be very challenging. This typically involves ternary or central-cut separations, characterized by chromatograms where the central peak, corresponding to the target product, exhibits significant overlapping on both sides with impurities slightly more or less adsorbable. In single-column (batch) preparative chromatography, this leads to a typical yield-purity tradeoff, meaning that high purity can be obtained at the cost of low yield and vice versa, with obvious consequences on the overall production costs. This study demonstrates how this limitation can be alleviated using the continuous countercurrent operating mode, conducted on a multicolumn system, as a tool for process intensification. In particular, the Multicolumn Countercurrent Solvent Gradient Purification (MCSGP) process has been applied to the purification of an industrial crude mixture of icatibant, which is a peptidomimetic antagonist of bradykinin B2-receptor that has been recently also considered for the treatment of patients affected by COVID-19 disease. It is shown that MCSGP allows conjugating process simplicity (using only two columns) with a significant improvement in process performance, compared to the corresponding batch process. This includes all process performance parameters: yield, productivity, and buffer consumption for a given purity specification of icatibant.

Process Intensification for the Purification of Peptidomimetics: The Case of Icatibant through Multicolumn Countercurrent Solvent Gradient Purification (MCSGP)

Walter Cabri
;
2021

Abstract

Biopharmaceuticals are subjected to very strict purity requirements to be marketed. At the same time, peptides and other biomolecules are industrially synthesized through techniques (e.g., solid-phase synthesis) often leading to the formation of many impurities with molecular characteristics very similar to the target product. Therefore, the purification of these mixtures via preparative chromatography can be very challenging. This typically involves ternary or central-cut separations, characterized by chromatograms where the central peak, corresponding to the target product, exhibits significant overlapping on both sides with impurities slightly more or less adsorbable. In single-column (batch) preparative chromatography, this leads to a typical yield-purity tradeoff, meaning that high purity can be obtained at the cost of low yield and vice versa, with obvious consequences on the overall production costs. This study demonstrates how this limitation can be alleviated using the continuous countercurrent operating mode, conducted on a multicolumn system, as a tool for process intensification. In particular, the Multicolumn Countercurrent Solvent Gradient Purification (MCSGP) process has been applied to the purification of an industrial crude mixture of icatibant, which is a peptidomimetic antagonist of bradykinin B2-receptor that has been recently also considered for the treatment of patients affected by COVID-19 disease. It is shown that MCSGP allows conjugating process simplicity (using only two columns) with a significant improvement in process performance, compared to the corresponding batch process. This includes all process performance parameters: yield, productivity, and buffer consumption for a given purity specification of icatibant.
Chiara De Luca, Simona Felletti, Desiree Bozza, Giulio Lievore, Massimo Morbidelli, Mattia Sponchioni, Alberto Cavazzini*, Martina Catani*, Walter Cabri, Marco Macis, and Antonio Ricci
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/820649
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