Phasmatodea species diversity lies almost entirely within its suborder Euphasmatodea, which exhibits a pantropical distribution and is considered to derive from a recent and rapid evolutionary radiation. To shed light on Euphasmatodea origins and diversification, we assembled the mitogenomes of 17 species from transcriptomic sequencing data and analysed them along with 22 already available Phasmatodea mitogenomes and 33 mitogenomes representing most of the Polyneoptera lineages. Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference approaches retrieved consistent topologies, both showing the widespread conflict between phylogenetic approaches and traditional systematics. We performed a divergence time analysis leveraging ten fossil specimens representative of most polyneopteran lineages: the time tree obtained supports an older radiation of the clade with respect to previous hypotheses. Euphasmatodea diversification is inferred to have started ~ 187 million years ago, suggesting that the Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction and the breakup of Pangea could have contributed to the process. We also investigated Euphasmatodea mitogenomes patterns of dN, dS and dN/dS ratio throughout our time-tree, trying to characterize the selective regime which may have shaped the clade evolution.

Phylomitogenomics provides new perspectives on the Euphasmatodea radiation (Insecta: Phasmatodea)

Forni G.;Plazzi F.;Cussigh A.;Luchetti A.
;
Mantovani B.
2021

Abstract

Phasmatodea species diversity lies almost entirely within its suborder Euphasmatodea, which exhibits a pantropical distribution and is considered to derive from a recent and rapid evolutionary radiation. To shed light on Euphasmatodea origins and diversification, we assembled the mitogenomes of 17 species from transcriptomic sequencing data and analysed them along with 22 already available Phasmatodea mitogenomes and 33 mitogenomes representing most of the Polyneoptera lineages. Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference approaches retrieved consistent topologies, both showing the widespread conflict between phylogenetic approaches and traditional systematics. We performed a divergence time analysis leveraging ten fossil specimens representative of most polyneopteran lineages: the time tree obtained supports an older radiation of the clade with respect to previous hypotheses. Euphasmatodea diversification is inferred to have started ~ 187 million years ago, suggesting that the Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction and the breakup of Pangea could have contributed to the process. We also investigated Euphasmatodea mitogenomes patterns of dN, dS and dN/dS ratio throughout our time-tree, trying to characterize the selective regime which may have shaped the clade evolution.
Forni G.; Plazzi F.; Cussigh A.; Conle O.; Hennemann F.; Luchetti A.; Mantovani B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/817784
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