Introduction: To assess the probability of undetected atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with ischemic stroke, we previously compared patients who were first diagnosed with AF with patients with large or small artery disease and obtained the MrWALLETS 8-item scoring system. In the present study, we utilized cryptogenic strokes (CS) as the control group, as AF is normally sought among CS patients. Methods: We retrospectively examined 191 ischemic stroke patients (72.5 ± 12.6 years), 68 with first diagnosed AF and 123 with CS, who had undergone 2 brain CT scans, echocardiography, carotid/vertebral ultrasound, continuous electrocardiogram monitoring and anamnestic/laboratory search for cardiovascular risk factors. Results: In logistic regression, 5 variables were independently associated with AF, forming the "ACTEL" score: Age ≥75 years (OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.18-4.96, p = 0.02; +1 point); hyperCholesterolemia (OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.18-0.78, p = 0.009; -1 point); Tricuspid regurgitation ≥ mild-to-moderate (OR 4.99, 95% CI 1.63-15.27, p = 0.005; +1 point); left ventricular End-diastolic volume <65 mL (OR 7.43, 95% CI 2.44-22.6, p = 0.0004; +1 point); Left atrium ≥4 cm (OR 4.57, 95% CI 1.97-10.62, p = 0.0004; +1 point). The algebraic sum of these points may range from -1 to +4. For AF identification, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.80 (95% CI 0.73-0.87). With a cutoff of ≥2, positive predictive value was 80.8%, specificity 92.7% and sensitivity 55.9%. Conclusions: The ACTEL score, a simplified and improved version of the MrWALLETS score, allows the identification of patients with first diagnosed AF, in the context of CSs, with a high positive predictive value.

Usefulness of the ACTEL Score to Predict Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Cryptogenic Stroke

Muscari A.;Barone P.;Faccioli L.;Ghinelli M.;Spinardi L.;Zoli M.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: To assess the probability of undetected atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with ischemic stroke, we previously compared patients who were first diagnosed with AF with patients with large or small artery disease and obtained the MrWALLETS 8-item scoring system. In the present study, we utilized cryptogenic strokes (CS) as the control group, as AF is normally sought among CS patients. Methods: We retrospectively examined 191 ischemic stroke patients (72.5 ± 12.6 years), 68 with first diagnosed AF and 123 with CS, who had undergone 2 brain CT scans, echocardiography, carotid/vertebral ultrasound, continuous electrocardiogram monitoring and anamnestic/laboratory search for cardiovascular risk factors. Results: In logistic regression, 5 variables were independently associated with AF, forming the "ACTEL" score: Age ≥75 years (OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.18-4.96, p = 0.02; +1 point); hyperCholesterolemia (OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.18-0.78, p = 0.009; -1 point); Tricuspid regurgitation ≥ mild-to-moderate (OR 4.99, 95% CI 1.63-15.27, p = 0.005; +1 point); left ventricular End-diastolic volume <65 mL (OR 7.43, 95% CI 2.44-22.6, p = 0.0004; +1 point); Left atrium ≥4 cm (OR 4.57, 95% CI 1.97-10.62, p = 0.0004; +1 point). The algebraic sum of these points may range from -1 to +4. For AF identification, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.80 (95% CI 0.73-0.87). With a cutoff of ≥2, positive predictive value was 80.8%, specificity 92.7% and sensitivity 55.9%. Conclusions: The ACTEL score, a simplified and improved version of the MrWALLETS score, allows the identification of patients with first diagnosed AF, in the context of CSs, with a high positive predictive value.
Muscari A.; Barone P.; Faccioli L.; Ghinelli M.; Pastore Trossello M.; Puddu G.M.; Spinardi L.; Zoli M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/805564
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