We present a numerical analysis supporting the evidence that the redshift evolution of the drifting coefficient of thefield cluster mass function is capable of breaking several cosmic degeneracies. This evidence is based on the data from the CoDECS and DUSTGRAIN-pathfinder simulations performed separately for various nonstandard cosmologies including coupled dark energy,f(R)gravity, and combinations off(R)gravity with massive neutrinos as well as for the standardΛcold dark matter(ΛCDM)cosmology. We first numerically determine the field cluster mass functions at various redshifts in the range of 0<1 for each cosmology. Then, we compare the analytic formula developed in previous works with the numerically obtained field cluster mass functions by adjusting its drifting coefficient,β, at each redshift. It is found that the analytic formula with the best-fit coefficient provides a good match to the numerical results at all redshifts for all of the cosmologies. The empirically determined redshift evolution of the drifting coefficient,β(z), turns out to significantly differ among different cosmologies. It is also shown that even without using any prior information on the background cosmology the drifting coefficient,β(z),can discriminate with high statistical significance the degenerate nonstandard cosmologies not only from theΛCDM but also from one another. It is concluded that the evolution of the departure from the Einstein–de Sitter state and spherically symmetric collapse processes quantified byβ(z)is a powerful probe of gravity and dark sector physics.

Breaking the Dark Degeneracy with the Drifting Coefficient of the Field Cluster Mass Function

Baldi, Marco
2020

Abstract

We present a numerical analysis supporting the evidence that the redshift evolution of the drifting coefficient of thefield cluster mass function is capable of breaking several cosmic degeneracies. This evidence is based on the data from the CoDECS and DUSTGRAIN-pathfinder simulations performed separately for various nonstandard cosmologies including coupled dark energy,f(R)gravity, and combinations off(R)gravity with massive neutrinos as well as for the standardΛcold dark matter(ΛCDM)cosmology. We first numerically determine the field cluster mass functions at various redshifts in the range of 0<1 for each cosmology. Then, we compare the analytic formula developed in previous works with the numerically obtained field cluster mass functions by adjusting its drifting coefficient,β, at each redshift. It is found that the analytic formula with the best-fit coefficient provides a good match to the numerical results at all redshifts for all of the cosmologies. The empirically determined redshift evolution of the drifting coefficient,β(z), turns out to significantly differ among different cosmologies. It is also shown that even without using any prior information on the background cosmology the drifting coefficient,β(z),can discriminate with high statistical significance the degenerate nonstandard cosmologies not only from theΛCDM but also from one another. It is concluded that the evolution of the departure from the Einstein–de Sitter state and spherically symmetric collapse processes quantified byβ(z)is a powerful probe of gravity and dark sector physics.
Ryu, Suho; Lee, Jounghun; Baldi, Marco
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
11585_804348_postprint.pdf

embargo fino al 24/11/2021

Tipo: Postprint
Licenza: Licenza per accesso libero gratuito
Dimensione 816.53 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
816.53 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/804348
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact