Recent studies have shed light on the biological foundations of Basic Emotional Systems that can be found both in animals and in human beings. The aim of our study is to reveal the associations that exist between the Basic Emotions making up part of the personality structure, the relationship-based emotional regulatory system, i.e. Attachment Style, and the influence of these on the manifestation and expression of psychological distress. Our sample consisted of 110 subjects (M = 34, F = 76) , of whom 50 suffered from a stroke and 60 suffered from bone fractures; the average age was 72.67 (SD = 11.24). Participants were administered the following questionnaires: Feeney et al.’s Attachment Style Questionnaire (Fossati et al., 2003, Jour. Soc. Pers. Rel. 20(1), 55-79) in order to assess adult attachment styles; Zigmond and Snaith’s Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Costantini et al., 1999, Support Care Cancer. 7:121–127) in order to assess the intensity of anxiety and depression; the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (Davis et al., 2003, Neuro-Psychoanalysis, 5(1), 57-69) in order to evaluate the Basic Emotional Systems. Notwithstanding the advanced age of the subjects, the analysis indicated the existence of a statistically significant relationship between the Attachment Style (ASQ) and the Basic Emotional Systems of the personality structure (ANPS). In particular, we found a positive correlation between Secure Attachment Style and positive emotions, while the Avoidant Attachment Style seemed to modulate only partly adaptive emotions and psychological distress (HADS).

Basic emotions, attachment style and psichological distress.

FARINELLI, MARINA;CHATTAT, RABIH;BALDONI, FRANCO;ERCOLANI, MAURO
2009

Abstract

Recent studies have shed light on the biological foundations of Basic Emotional Systems that can be found both in animals and in human beings. The aim of our study is to reveal the associations that exist between the Basic Emotions making up part of the personality structure, the relationship-based emotional regulatory system, i.e. Attachment Style, and the influence of these on the manifestation and expression of psychological distress. Our sample consisted of 110 subjects (M = 34, F = 76) , of whom 50 suffered from a stroke and 60 suffered from bone fractures; the average age was 72.67 (SD = 11.24). Participants were administered the following questionnaires: Feeney et al.’s Attachment Style Questionnaire (Fossati et al., 2003, Jour. Soc. Pers. Rel. 20(1), 55-79) in order to assess adult attachment styles; Zigmond and Snaith’s Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Costantini et al., 1999, Support Care Cancer. 7:121–127) in order to assess the intensity of anxiety and depression; the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (Davis et al., 2003, Neuro-Psychoanalysis, 5(1), 57-69) in order to evaluate the Basic Emotional Systems. Notwithstanding the advanced age of the subjects, the analysis indicated the existence of a statistically significant relationship between the Attachment Style (ASQ) and the Basic Emotional Systems of the personality structure (ANPS). In particular, we found a positive correlation between Secure Attachment Style and positive emotions, while the Avoidant Attachment Style seemed to modulate only partly adaptive emotions and psychological distress (HADS).
Farinelli M.; Fossati A.; Gestieri L.; Tabarroni S.; Bembich S.;Chattat R.; Baldoni F.; Ercolani M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/80004
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