The endothelial to mesenchymal transition (End–MT) can be associated with vascular calcification, by providing mesengenic progenitors. In this study, we investigated a link between End–MT and the osteogenic process and explored the involvement of miR-30a-5p and miR-30d as potential regulators of these processes. End–MT was induced in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) through transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), TGFβ-3 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), for 24 h and 6 days. End–MT mediators, mesenchymal and osteo/chondrogenic markers were analyzed through Real-Time PCR, immunofluorescence, flow cytometry and Western Blot. miR-30a-5p and miR-30d over-expression was carried out in HUVEC to explore their effects on End–MT and osteogenic differentiation. HUVEC at 24 h and 6 days gained mesenchymal morphology markers, including matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), SLUG, VIMENTIN and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and a significant migratory potential, notably with TNF-α. After 6 days, the osteo/chondrogenic markers runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX-2) and SRY box transcription factor 9 (SOX-9) were upregulated. At this time point, miR-30a-5p and miR-30d decreased. Overexpression of miR-30a-5p and miR-30d affected End–MT mediators and the osteogenic potency in HUVEC, by reducing SLUG, VIMENTIN and RUNX-2. Our data suggest that End–MT represents a key link between inflammation and vascular calcification. Further, miR-30a-5p and miR-30d can regulate both the End–MT and the osteogenic processes, prompting future studies for exploring their potential use as therapeutic targets or biomarkers in vascular diseases.

Involvement of miR-30a-5p and miR-30d in Endothelial to Mesenchymal Transition and Early Osteogenic Commitment under Inflammatory Stress in HUVEC

Carmen Ciavarella
Primo
;
Ilenia Motta
Secondo
;
Francesco Vasuri;Silvia Fittipaldi;Sabrina Valente;Daniela Pollutri;Mauro Gargiulo
Penultimo
;
Gianandrea Pasquinelli
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The endothelial to mesenchymal transition (End–MT) can be associated with vascular calcification, by providing mesengenic progenitors. In this study, we investigated a link between End–MT and the osteogenic process and explored the involvement of miR-30a-5p and miR-30d as potential regulators of these processes. End–MT was induced in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) through transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), TGFβ-3 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), for 24 h and 6 days. End–MT mediators, mesenchymal and osteo/chondrogenic markers were analyzed through Real-Time PCR, immunofluorescence, flow cytometry and Western Blot. miR-30a-5p and miR-30d over-expression was carried out in HUVEC to explore their effects on End–MT and osteogenic differentiation. HUVEC at 24 h and 6 days gained mesenchymal morphology markers, including matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), SLUG, VIMENTIN and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and a significant migratory potential, notably with TNF-α. After 6 days, the osteo/chondrogenic markers runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX-2) and SRY box transcription factor 9 (SOX-9) were upregulated. At this time point, miR-30a-5p and miR-30d decreased. Overexpression of miR-30a-5p and miR-30d affected End–MT mediators and the osteogenic potency in HUVEC, by reducing SLUG, VIMENTIN and RUNX-2. Our data suggest that End–MT represents a key link between inflammation and vascular calcification. Further, miR-30a-5p and miR-30d can regulate both the End–MT and the osteogenic processes, prompting future studies for exploring their potential use as therapeutic targets or biomarkers in vascular diseases.
Carmen Ciavarella; Ilenia Motta; Francesco Vasuri; Silvia Fittipaldi; Sabrina Valente; Daniela Pollutri; Francesca Ricci; Mauro Gargiulo; Gianandrea Pasquinelli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/796877
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