Background & Aims: Hospitalization is associated with inadequate colon cleansing before colonoscopy. We aimed to identify factors associated to inadequate colon cleansing among inpatients, and to derive and validate a model to identify inpatients with inadequate cleansing. Methods: We performed a prospective observational study at 12 hospitals in Italy. Consecutive adult inpatients scheduled for colonoscopy for any indication were enrolled from February through May 2019 (derivation cohort, n = 1016) and from June through August 2019 (validation cohort, n = 508). Inadequate cleansing was defined as Boston bowel preparation scale scores below 2 in any colon segment. We performed multivariate logistic regression to identify factors associated with inadequate cleansing. Results: In the combined cohorts, 1032 patients (68%) had adequate colon cleansing. Physicians’ meetings to optimize bowel preparation (odds ratio [OR], 0.42; 95% CI, 0.27–0.65), written and oral instructions to patients (OR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.36–0.65), admission to gastroenterology unit (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51–0.98), split-dose regimens (OR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.20–0.35), a 1-liter polyethylene glycol-based bowel purge (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.23—0.65), and 75% or more intake of bowel preparation (OR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.05–0.15) significantly reduced odds of inadequate colon cleansing. Alternatively, bedridden status (OR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.55–2.98), constipation (OR, 2.16; 95% CI, 1.55–3.0), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.18–2.20), use of anti-psychotic drugs (OR, 3.26; 95% CI, 1.62–6.56), and 7 or more days of hospitalization (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.00–1.04) increased risk of inadequate colon cleansing. We developed a model to identify patients with inadequate cleaning using data from patients in the derivation cohort and tested it in the validation cohort. Calibration values were P = .218 for the discrimination cohort and P = .232 for the validation cohort. Discrimination values were c-statistic, 0.78 (95% CI, 0.74–0.81) for the discrimination cohort and c-statistic, 0.73 (95% CI, 0.69–0.78) for the validation cohort. We developed app for use by clinicians. Conclusions: In a prospective observational study, we identified setting-, patient- and preparation-related factors that affect colon cleansing among inpatients. We derived and validated a model to identify patients with inadequate preparation and developed an app for clinicians. ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT03925506

Factors That Affect Adequacy of Colon Cleansing for Colonoscopy in Hospitalized Patients

Fuccio L.
;
Frazzoni L.;Zagari R. M.;Bazzoli F.;Laterza L.;Alemanni L. V.;Buttitta F.;Cirota G.;Cominardi A.;Impellizzeri G.;La Marca M.;Marasco G.;Metelli F.;Sansone V.;Tamanini G.;Cuffari B.;
2021

Abstract

Background & Aims: Hospitalization is associated with inadequate colon cleansing before colonoscopy. We aimed to identify factors associated to inadequate colon cleansing among inpatients, and to derive and validate a model to identify inpatients with inadequate cleansing. Methods: We performed a prospective observational study at 12 hospitals in Italy. Consecutive adult inpatients scheduled for colonoscopy for any indication were enrolled from February through May 2019 (derivation cohort, n = 1016) and from June through August 2019 (validation cohort, n = 508). Inadequate cleansing was defined as Boston bowel preparation scale scores below 2 in any colon segment. We performed multivariate logistic regression to identify factors associated with inadequate cleansing. Results: In the combined cohorts, 1032 patients (68%) had adequate colon cleansing. Physicians’ meetings to optimize bowel preparation (odds ratio [OR], 0.42; 95% CI, 0.27–0.65), written and oral instructions to patients (OR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.36–0.65), admission to gastroenterology unit (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51–0.98), split-dose regimens (OR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.20–0.35), a 1-liter polyethylene glycol-based bowel purge (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.23—0.65), and 75% or more intake of bowel preparation (OR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.05–0.15) significantly reduced odds of inadequate colon cleansing. Alternatively, bedridden status (OR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.55–2.98), constipation (OR, 2.16; 95% CI, 1.55–3.0), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.18–2.20), use of anti-psychotic drugs (OR, 3.26; 95% CI, 1.62–6.56), and 7 or more days of hospitalization (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.00–1.04) increased risk of inadequate colon cleansing. We developed a model to identify patients with inadequate cleaning using data from patients in the derivation cohort and tested it in the validation cohort. Calibration values were P = .218 for the discrimination cohort and P = .232 for the validation cohort. Discrimination values were c-statistic, 0.78 (95% CI, 0.74–0.81) for the discrimination cohort and c-statistic, 0.73 (95% CI, 0.69–0.78) for the validation cohort. We developed app for use by clinicians. Conclusions: In a prospective observational study, we identified setting-, patient- and preparation-related factors that affect colon cleansing among inpatients. We derived and validated a model to identify patients with inadequate preparation and developed an app for clinicians. ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT03925506
Fuccio L.; Frazzoni L.; Spada C.; Mussetto A.; Fabbri C.; Manno M.; Aragona G.; Zagari R.M.; Rondonotti E.; Manes G.; Occhipinti P.; Cadoni S.; Bazzoli F.; Hassan C.; Radaelli F.; Laterza L.; Alemanni L.V.; Buttitta F.; Cirota G.; Cominardi A.; Impellizzeri G.; La Marca M.; Marasco G.; Metelli F.; Pierantoni C.; Sansone V.; Tamanini G.; Cesaro P.; Piccirelli S.; Feletti V.; Triossi O.; Arena R.; Binda C.; Nicolini G.; Sbrancia M.; Trebbi M.; Cuffari B.; Soriani P.; Comparato G.; Prati G.M.; Reati R.; Corte C.D.; Liggi M.; Mura D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/796097
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