Introduction: To measure direct factor Xa inhibitor (apixaban, edoxaban, rivaroxaban) concentrations, dedicated chromogenic anti-Xa assays are recommended as suitable methods to provide rapid drug quantification. Moreover, the high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) is reported as a reliable quantitative technique. We investigated seven anti-Xa assays and an HPLC-UV method for measurement of apixaban and rivaroxaban levels in patients enrolled in the START-Register. Methods: A total of 127 apixaban and 124 rivaroxaban samples were tested by HPLC-UV and the following anti-Xa assays: Biophen DiXaI and Heparin LRT (Hyphen BioMed), Berichrom and Innovance Heparin (Siemens), STA-Liquid Anti-Xa (Stago Diagnostics), Technochrom anti-Xa (Technoclone), and HemosIL Liquid Anti-Xa (Werfen). Each method was performed in one of the participating laboratories: Bologna, Cremona, Florence, and Padua. Results: Our data confirmed the overestimation of apixaban and rivaroxaban levels by the antithrombin-supplemented anti-Xa method (Berichrom). Performances and reproducibility of the six anti-Xa assays not supplemented with antithrombin and the HPLC-UV method were good, with limits of quantification from 8-39 ng/mL (apixaban) and 15-33 ng/mL (rivaroxaban). The six chromogenic methods showed good concordances with the quantitative HPLC-UV [bias: −26.9-22.3 ng/mL (apixaban), −11.3-18.7 ng/mL (rivaroxaban)]. Higher bias and wider range between limits of agreement were observed at higher concentrations [<100 ng/mL: bias −21.3-4.1 ng/mL (apixaban) and −6.2-3.8 ng/mL (rivaroxaban); >200 ng/mL: bias −42.2-36.8 ng/mL (apixaban) and −20.1-68.9 ng/mL (rivaroxaban)]. Conclusion: Overall, the anti-Xa assays not supplemented with antithrombin and the HPLC-UV method proved to be suitable for apixaban and rivaroxaban quantification.

DOAC plasma levels measured by chromogenic anti-Xa assays and HPLC-UV in apixaban- and rivaroxaban-treated patients from the START-Register

Cosmi B.;Palareti G.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: To measure direct factor Xa inhibitor (apixaban, edoxaban, rivaroxaban) concentrations, dedicated chromogenic anti-Xa assays are recommended as suitable methods to provide rapid drug quantification. Moreover, the high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) is reported as a reliable quantitative technique. We investigated seven anti-Xa assays and an HPLC-UV method for measurement of apixaban and rivaroxaban levels in patients enrolled in the START-Register. Methods: A total of 127 apixaban and 124 rivaroxaban samples were tested by HPLC-UV and the following anti-Xa assays: Biophen DiXaI and Heparin LRT (Hyphen BioMed), Berichrom and Innovance Heparin (Siemens), STA-Liquid Anti-Xa (Stago Diagnostics), Technochrom anti-Xa (Technoclone), and HemosIL Liquid Anti-Xa (Werfen). Each method was performed in one of the participating laboratories: Bologna, Cremona, Florence, and Padua. Results: Our data confirmed the overestimation of apixaban and rivaroxaban levels by the antithrombin-supplemented anti-Xa method (Berichrom). Performances and reproducibility of the six anti-Xa assays not supplemented with antithrombin and the HPLC-UV method were good, with limits of quantification from 8-39 ng/mL (apixaban) and 15-33 ng/mL (rivaroxaban). The six chromogenic methods showed good concordances with the quantitative HPLC-UV [bias: −26.9-22.3 ng/mL (apixaban), −11.3-18.7 ng/mL (rivaroxaban)]. Higher bias and wider range between limits of agreement were observed at higher concentrations [<100 ng/mL: bias −21.3-4.1 ng/mL (apixaban) and −6.2-3.8 ng/mL (rivaroxaban); >200 ng/mL: bias −42.2-36.8 ng/mL (apixaban) and −20.1-68.9 ng/mL (rivaroxaban)]. Conclusion: Overall, the anti-Xa assays not supplemented with antithrombin and the HPLC-UV method proved to be suitable for apixaban and rivaroxaban quantification.
Cini M.; Legnani C.; Padrini R.; Cosmi B.; Dellanoce C.; De Rosa G.; Marcucci R.; Pengo V.; Poli D.; Testa S.; Palareti G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/795849
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