The rapid hydrolysis of acetylcholine (ACh), one of the key neurotransmitters in the human body, by the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is fundamental for the termination of ACh impulse transmission. Several chemicals, including organophosphorus (OP) pesticides, warfare agents and drugs, are AChE reversible or irreversible inhibitors, thus their rapid on-site detection is of primary importance. Here we report for the first time a chemiluminescence (CL) foldable paper-based biosensor for detection of AChE inhibitors. The biosensor exploits three coupled enzymatic reactions catalyzed by AChE, choline oxidase and horseradish peroxidase, leading to production of hydrogen peroxide, which is measured with an optimized luminol substrate. The origami approach allows to add reagents and trigger the sequential reactions in separate steps. A compact 3D-printed device including a mini dark box was created to enable smartphone detection. The CL foldable paper-based biosensor showed suitable for the rapid detection of OP pesticides in food matrices with a total assay time of 25 min. It is thus a rapid, low cost portable test suitable for point-of-need detection of chemicals inhibiting AChE.

Multienzyme chemiluminescent foldable biosensor for on-site detection of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors

Montali L.;Calabretta Maria Maddalena;Lopreside A.;Guardigli M.
;
Michelini E.
2020

Abstract

The rapid hydrolysis of acetylcholine (ACh), one of the key neurotransmitters in the human body, by the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is fundamental for the termination of ACh impulse transmission. Several chemicals, including organophosphorus (OP) pesticides, warfare agents and drugs, are AChE reversible or irreversible inhibitors, thus their rapid on-site detection is of primary importance. Here we report for the first time a chemiluminescence (CL) foldable paper-based biosensor for detection of AChE inhibitors. The biosensor exploits three coupled enzymatic reactions catalyzed by AChE, choline oxidase and horseradish peroxidase, leading to production of hydrogen peroxide, which is measured with an optimized luminol substrate. The origami approach allows to add reagents and trigger the sequential reactions in separate steps. A compact 3D-printed device including a mini dark box was created to enable smartphone detection. The CL foldable paper-based biosensor showed suitable for the rapid detection of OP pesticides in food matrices with a total assay time of 25 min. It is thus a rapid, low cost portable test suitable for point-of-need detection of chemicals inhibiting AChE.
Montali L.; Calabretta Maria Maddalena; Lopreside A.; D'Elia M.; Guardigli M.; Michelini E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/763530
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