The crisis of Moore's law and new dominant Machine Learning workloads require a paradigm shift towards finely tunable-precision (a.k.a. transprecision) computing. More specifically, we need floating-point circuits that are capable to operate on many formats with high flexibility. We present the first silicon implementation of a 64-bit transprecision floating-point unit. It fully supports the standard double, single, and half precision, alongside custom bfloat and 8 bit formats. Operations occur on scalars or 2, 4, or 8-way SIMD vectors. We have integrated the 247 kGE unit into a 64 bit application-class RISC-V processor core, where the added transprecision support accounts for an energy and area overhead of merely 11 and 9, respectively; yet achieving speedups and per-datum energy gains of 7.3x and 7.94x. We implemented the design in a 22 nm FD-SOI technology. The unit achieves energy efficiencies between 75 Gflop/sW and 1.24 Tflop/sW, and a performance between 1.85 Gflop/s and 14.83 Gflop/s, across formats.

A 0.80pJ/flop, 1.24Tflop/sW 8-to-64 bit Transprecision Floating-Point Unit for a 64 bit RISC-V Processor in 22nm FD-SOI

Benini L.
2019

Abstract

The crisis of Moore's law and new dominant Machine Learning workloads require a paradigm shift towards finely tunable-precision (a.k.a. transprecision) computing. More specifically, we need floating-point circuits that are capable to operate on many formats with high flexibility. We present the first silicon implementation of a 64-bit transprecision floating-point unit. It fully supports the standard double, single, and half precision, alongside custom bfloat and 8 bit formats. Operations occur on scalars or 2, 4, or 8-way SIMD vectors. We have integrated the 247 kGE unit into a 64 bit application-class RISC-V processor core, where the added transprecision support accounts for an energy and area overhead of merely 11 and 9, respectively; yet achieving speedups and per-datum energy gains of 7.3x and 7.94x. We implemented the design in a 22 nm FD-SOI technology. The unit achieves energy efficiencies between 75 Gflop/sW and 1.24 Tflop/sW, and a performance between 1.85 Gflop/s and 14.83 Gflop/s, across formats.
IEEE/IFIP International Conference on VLSI and System-on-Chip, VLSI-SoC
95
98
Mach S.; Schuiki F.; Zaruba F.; Benini L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/730316
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