The bifunctional homooligomeric enzyme Δ1 -pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) and its encoding gene ALDH18A1 were associated with disease in 1998. Two siblings who presented paradoxical hyperammonemia (alleviated by protein), mental disability, short stature, cataracts, cutis laxa and joint laxity, were found to carry biallelic ALDH18A1 mutations. They showed biochemical indications of decreased ornithine/proline synthesis, agreeing with the role of P5CS in the biosynthesis of these amino acids. Of 32 patients reported with this neurocutaneous syndrome, 21 familial ones hosted homozygous or compound heterozygous ALDH18A1 mutations, while 11 sporadic ones carried de novo heterozygous ALDH18A1 mutations. In 2015-2016 an upper motor neuron syndrome (spastic paraparesis/paraplegia SPG9) complicated with some traits of the neurocutaneous syndrome, although without report of cutis laxa, joint laxity or herniae, was associated with monoallelic or biallelic ALDH18A1 mutations with, respectively, dominant and recessive inheritance. Of fifty SPG9 patients reported, 14 and 36 (34/2 familial/sporadic) carried, respectively, biallelic and monoallelic mutations. Thus, two neurocutaneous syndromes (recessive and dominant cutis laxa 3, abbreviated ARCL3A and ADCL3, respectively) and two SPG9 syndromes (recessive SPG9B and dominant SPG9A) are caused by essentially different spectra of ALDH18A1 mutations. On the bases of the clinical data (including our own prior patients' reports), the ALDH18A1 mutations spectra, and our knowledge on the P5CS protein, we conclude that the four syndromes share the same pathogenic mechanisms based on decreased P5CS function. Thus, these syndromes represent a continuum of increasing severity (SPG9A < SPG9B < ADCL3 ≤ ARCL3A) of the same disease, P5CS deficiency, in which the dominant mutations cause loss-of-function by dominant-negative mechanisms. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Δ1 -Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) deficiency: An emergent multifaceted urea cycle-related disorder

Seri, Marco
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Panza, Emanuele
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rubio, Vicente
Membro del Collaboration Group
2020

Abstract

The bifunctional homooligomeric enzyme Δ1 -pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) and its encoding gene ALDH18A1 were associated with disease in 1998. Two siblings who presented paradoxical hyperammonemia (alleviated by protein), mental disability, short stature, cataracts, cutis laxa and joint laxity, were found to carry biallelic ALDH18A1 mutations. They showed biochemical indications of decreased ornithine/proline synthesis, agreeing with the role of P5CS in the biosynthesis of these amino acids. Of 32 patients reported with this neurocutaneous syndrome, 21 familial ones hosted homozygous or compound heterozygous ALDH18A1 mutations, while 11 sporadic ones carried de novo heterozygous ALDH18A1 mutations. In 2015-2016 an upper motor neuron syndrome (spastic paraparesis/paraplegia SPG9) complicated with some traits of the neurocutaneous syndrome, although without report of cutis laxa, joint laxity or herniae, was associated with monoallelic or biallelic ALDH18A1 mutations with, respectively, dominant and recessive inheritance. Of fifty SPG9 patients reported, 14 and 36 (34/2 familial/sporadic) carried, respectively, biallelic and monoallelic mutations. Thus, two neurocutaneous syndromes (recessive and dominant cutis laxa 3, abbreviated ARCL3A and ADCL3, respectively) and two SPG9 syndromes (recessive SPG9B and dominant SPG9A) are caused by essentially different spectra of ALDH18A1 mutations. On the bases of the clinical data (including our own prior patients' reports), the ALDH18A1 mutations spectra, and our knowledge on the P5CS protein, we conclude that the four syndromes share the same pathogenic mechanisms based on decreased P5CS function. Thus, these syndromes represent a continuum of increasing severity (SPG9A < SPG9B < ADCL3 ≤ ARCL3A) of the same disease, P5CS deficiency, in which the dominant mutations cause loss-of-function by dominant-negative mechanisms. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Marco-Marín, Clara; Escamilla-Honrubia, Juan M; Llácer, José L; Seri, Marco; Panza, Emanuele; Rubio, Vicente
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/725093
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact