This study examines how the market reacts to earnings surprises with different characteristics such as future earnings prospects and historical surprises embedded in the earnings announced. We also explore the effect of corporate governance on market reaction to earnings information disseminated through earnings announcements. The sample comprises of 1,620 US firms for the period 2002 – 2016. Using a regression-based approach, the results reveal that the market reacts to earnings surprises, particularly, to their sign, magnitude, persistence, and the future earnings prospects. Moreover, these different characteristics of earnings surprises are more important for negative surprises than for positive surprises. Furthermore, we find evidence for the information transparency theory that earnings announcements are a relatively more important source of information for low corporate governance firms than for high corporate governance firms. Finally, historical earnings information is more relevant for low corporate governance firms, whereas prospective earnings information is more important for high corporate governance firms. This study contributes to the extant literature by revealing that the market does not only react to the magnitude/sign of the surprises but also to other additional characteristics of earnings surprises. The study also reveals that firm governance influences how the market reacts to earnings information announced. Consequently, managers should be mindful that strengthening firm corporate governance could improve investors’ confidence in earnings announced.

Is the market surprised by the surprise?

Khine Kyaw;Barbara Petracci
2020

Abstract

This study examines how the market reacts to earnings surprises with different characteristics such as future earnings prospects and historical surprises embedded in the earnings announced. We also explore the effect of corporate governance on market reaction to earnings information disseminated through earnings announcements. The sample comprises of 1,620 US firms for the period 2002 – 2016. Using a regression-based approach, the results reveal that the market reacts to earnings surprises, particularly, to their sign, magnitude, persistence, and the future earnings prospects. Moreover, these different characteristics of earnings surprises are more important for negative surprises than for positive surprises. Furthermore, we find evidence for the information transparency theory that earnings announcements are a relatively more important source of information for low corporate governance firms than for high corporate governance firms. Finally, historical earnings information is more relevant for low corporate governance firms, whereas prospective earnings information is more important for high corporate governance firms. This study contributes to the extant literature by revealing that the market does not only react to the magnitude/sign of the surprises but also to other additional characteristics of earnings surprises. The study also reveals that firm governance influences how the market reacts to earnings information announced. Consequently, managers should be mindful that strengthening firm corporate governance could improve investors’ confidence in earnings announced.
2020
Khine Kyaw; Mojisola Olugbode; Barbara Petracci
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/718154
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