In this paper, we present a high-efficiency transmitter based on an integrated circuit (IC) supply modulator implemented in the same 0.15μm gallium nitride (GaN)-on-SiC RF process as the power amplifier (PA) monolithic microwave IC. The X-band 10-W two-stage PA is designed for stable operation with minimal drain capacitance, which enables fast supply modulation. The multilevel supply modulator provides eight voltage levels with 3-bit digital control [(power digital-to-analog converter (pDAC)], achieving a state-of-the-art slew rate of 5 kV/μs. Characterization of the dynamic R ON of the GaN switches allows the development of an efficiency model for the pDAC and an investigation of the effects of the pDAC internal resistance on the PA performance, resulting in a comprehensive efficiency model for the supply-modulated PA. The flexible compact transmitter consisting of the PA and pDAC ICs shows high efficiency in backoff for a variety of signals, both for radar and communications. Measured results for amplitude- A nd frequency-modulated radar pulses show a composite power-added efficiency (CPAE) of 44% with a peak power of 10 W at 9.57 GHz, with simultaneous spectral confinement and 52-dB improvement of the first time sidelobe. For a 20-MHz high peak-to-average ratio LTE signal, the CPAE increases from 11% to 32% compared to a fixed supply voltage transmitter, while linearity under dynamic supply operation is maintained through digital predistortion.

Efficient X-band transmitter with integrated GaN power amplifier and supply modulator

Florian C.;Paganelli R. P.;
2019

Abstract

In this paper, we present a high-efficiency transmitter based on an integrated circuit (IC) supply modulator implemented in the same 0.15μm gallium nitride (GaN)-on-SiC RF process as the power amplifier (PA) monolithic microwave IC. The X-band 10-W two-stage PA is designed for stable operation with minimal drain capacitance, which enables fast supply modulation. The multilevel supply modulator provides eight voltage levels with 3-bit digital control [(power digital-to-analog converter (pDAC)], achieving a state-of-the-art slew rate of 5 kV/μs. Characterization of the dynamic R ON of the GaN switches allows the development of an efficiency model for the pDAC and an investigation of the effects of the pDAC internal resistance on the PA performance, resulting in a comprehensive efficiency model for the supply-modulated PA. The flexible compact transmitter consisting of the PA and pDAC ICs shows high efficiency in backoff for a variety of signals, both for radar and communications. Measured results for amplitude- A nd frequency-modulated radar pulses show a composite power-added efficiency (CPAE) of 44% with a peak power of 10 W at 9.57 GHz, with simultaneous spectral confinement and 52-dB improvement of the first time sidelobe. For a 20-MHz high peak-to-average ratio LTE signal, the CPAE increases from 11% to 32% compared to a fixed supply voltage transmitter, while linearity under dynamic supply operation is maintained through digital predistortion.
2019
Cappello T.; Florian C.; Niessen D.; Paganelli R.P.; Schafer S.; Popovic Z.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/689579
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