We exploit rules of class formation to identify the causal effect of increasing the number of immigrants in a classroom on natives’ test scores, keeping class size and quality of the two types of students constant (pure ethnic composition [PEC] effect). We explain why this is a relevant policy parameter although it has been neglected so far. The PEC effect is sizable and negative (16% of a standard deviation) on language and math scores. For first-generation immigrants, it is more negative (30% of a standard deviation). Estimates that cannot control for endogenous adjustments implemented by principals are instead considerably smaller.

Ballatore, R.M., Fort, M., Ichino, A. (2018). Tower of Babel in the Classroom: Immigrants and Natives in Italian Schools. JOURNAL OF LABOR ECONOMICS, 36(4), 885-921 [10.1086/697524].

Tower of Babel in the Classroom: Immigrants and Natives in Italian Schools

Ballatore, Rosario Maria;Fort, Margherita;Ichino, Andrea
2018

Abstract

We exploit rules of class formation to identify the causal effect of increasing the number of immigrants in a classroom on natives’ test scores, keeping class size and quality of the two types of students constant (pure ethnic composition [PEC] effect). We explain why this is a relevant policy parameter although it has been neglected so far. The PEC effect is sizable and negative (16% of a standard deviation) on language and math scores. For first-generation immigrants, it is more negative (30% of a standard deviation). Estimates that cannot control for endogenous adjustments implemented by principals are instead considerably smaller.
2018
Ballatore, R.M., Fort, M., Ichino, A. (2018). Tower of Babel in the Classroom: Immigrants and Natives in Italian Schools. JOURNAL OF LABOR ECONOMICS, 36(4), 885-921 [10.1086/697524].
Ballatore, Rosario Maria; Fort, Margherita; Ichino, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/665651
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