Polyamine content and activities of enzymes of polyamine biosynthesis were assayed during somatic embryogenesis in Vitis vinifera callus cultures of Chardonnay and Brachetto ‘a grappolo lungo’ (Brachetto g.l.) cultivars. The analyses were carried out on embryogenic callus samples, embryos at different stages and developing plants. Polyamine content, both in the free and PCA-soluble conjugated form, was higher in Brachetto g.l. than in Chardonnay, and putrescine was present at higher concentrations than the other polyamines. In all samples of both cultivars, ornithine decarboxylase activity (ODC, EC 4.1.1.17) was higher than arginine decarboxylase (ADC, EC 4.1.1.19), with a maximum in developing plant roots. S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC, EC 4.1.1.50) activity displayed a similar trend. The activities of all three enzymes were detected both in the supernatant and pellet fractions, indicating for the first time the presence of SAMDC activity in the particulate fraction. Particularly in the Chardonnay cultivar, an increase in the mRNAs expression patterns of ODC and SAMDC during morphogenesis from small embryos to plantlets was detected by northern blot, suggesting a direct correlation with enzymatic activities

Polyamines and somatic embryogenesis in two Vitis vinifera cultivars

TASSONI, ANNALISA;BAGNI, NELLO
2004

Abstract

Polyamine content and activities of enzymes of polyamine biosynthesis were assayed during somatic embryogenesis in Vitis vinifera callus cultures of Chardonnay and Brachetto ‘a grappolo lungo’ (Brachetto g.l.) cultivars. The analyses were carried out on embryogenic callus samples, embryos at different stages and developing plants. Polyamine content, both in the free and PCA-soluble conjugated form, was higher in Brachetto g.l. than in Chardonnay, and putrescine was present at higher concentrations than the other polyamines. In all samples of both cultivars, ornithine decarboxylase activity (ODC, EC 4.1.1.17) was higher than arginine decarboxylase (ADC, EC 4.1.1.19), with a maximum in developing plant roots. S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC, EC 4.1.1.50) activity displayed a similar trend. The activities of all three enzymes were detected both in the supernatant and pellet fractions, indicating for the first time the presence of SAMDC activity in the particulate fraction. Particularly in the Chardonnay cultivar, an increase in the mRNAs expression patterns of ODC and SAMDC during morphogenesis from small embryos to plantlets was detected by northern blot, suggesting a direct correlation with enzymatic activities
BERTOLDI D.; TASSONI A.; MARTINELLI L.; BAGNI N.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/658
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