Broadband current sensors are key components in numerous applications, including power conversion, motor control, and smart-metering. We present a compressive sensing (CS) current sensor system-on-chip (SoC) designed and fabricated in STM 0.16 µm Bipolar-CMOS-DMOS technology. The SoC is capable of measuring currents with amplitudes of up to 10 A peak with a sensing bandwidth of 1 MHz. Two broadband current sensing cores, each consisting of a Hall-effect probe, an AFE, and a 2 MS/s 9-bit ADC, are monolithically integrated together with a digital multi-mode compressive sensing encoder (DCSE) for data-rate reduction. We focus on the evaluation of CS as data compression codec for current sensing applications and on the details of the DCSE architecture designed for general purpose use. We introduce multi-block decoding that is a decoding modality to improve the reconstruction quality of 'off-grid sparse' signals commonly occurring in practice. Moreover, we provide measurements of both the compression performance and power consumption of the SoC employed in two exemplary real-world applications; namely, sparse current sensing, and electrical appliance detection for non-intrusive load monitoring based on compressive measurements.

A broadband multi-mode compressive sensing current sensor SoC in 0.16μm CMOS

Crescentini, Marco;Romani, Aldo;Tartagni, Marco;Benini, Luca
2019

Abstract

Broadband current sensors are key components in numerous applications, including power conversion, motor control, and smart-metering. We present a compressive sensing (CS) current sensor system-on-chip (SoC) designed and fabricated in STM 0.16 µm Bipolar-CMOS-DMOS technology. The SoC is capable of measuring currents with amplitudes of up to 10 A peak with a sensing bandwidth of 1 MHz. Two broadband current sensing cores, each consisting of a Hall-effect probe, an AFE, and a 2 MS/s 9-bit ADC, are monolithically integrated together with a digital multi-mode compressive sensing encoder (DCSE) for data-rate reduction. We focus on the evaluation of CS as data compression codec for current sensing applications and on the details of the DCSE architecture designed for general purpose use. We introduce multi-block decoding that is a decoding modality to improve the reconstruction quality of 'off-grid sparse' signals commonly occurring in practice. Moreover, we provide measurements of both the compression performance and power consumption of the SoC employed in two exemplary real-world applications; namely, sparse current sensing, and electrical appliance detection for non-intrusive load monitoring based on compressive measurements.
Bellasi, David*; Crescentini, Marco; Cristaudo, Domenico; Romani, Aldo; Tartagni, Marco; Benini, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/657220
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