In recent years, programmable many-core accelerators (PMCAs) have been introduced in embedded systems to satisfy stringent performance/Watt requirements. This has increased the urge for programming models capable of effectively leveraging hundreds to thousands of processors. Task-based parallelism has the potential to provide such capabilities, offering high-level abstractions to outline abundant and irregular parallelism in embedded applications. However, efficiently supporting this programming paradigm on embedded PMCAs is challenging, due to the large time and space overheads it introduces. In this paper we describe a lightweight OpenMP tasking runtime environment (RTE) design for a state-of-the-art embedded PMCA, the Kalray MPPA 256. We provide an exhaustive characterization of the costs of our RTE, considering both synthetic workload and real programs, and we compare to several other tasking RTEs. Experimental results confirm that our solution achieves near-ideal parallelization speedups for tasks as small as 5K cycles, and an average speedup of 12 × for real benchmarks, which is 60% higher than what we observe with the original Kalray OpenMP implementation.

Unleashing Fine-Grained Parallelism on Embedded Many-Core Accelerators with Lightweight OpenMP Tasking

Tagliavini, Giuseppe
;
Cesarini, Daniele;Marongiu, Andrea
2018

Abstract

In recent years, programmable many-core accelerators (PMCAs) have been introduced in embedded systems to satisfy stringent performance/Watt requirements. This has increased the urge for programming models capable of effectively leveraging hundreds to thousands of processors. Task-based parallelism has the potential to provide such capabilities, offering high-level abstractions to outline abundant and irregular parallelism in embedded applications. However, efficiently supporting this programming paradigm on embedded PMCAs is challenging, due to the large time and space overheads it introduces. In this paper we describe a lightweight OpenMP tasking runtime environment (RTE) design for a state-of-the-art embedded PMCA, the Kalray MPPA 256. We provide an exhaustive characterization of the costs of our RTE, considering both synthetic workload and real programs, and we compare to several other tasking RTEs. Experimental results confirm that our solution achieves near-ideal parallelization speedups for tasks as small as 5K cycles, and an average speedup of 12 × for real benchmarks, which is 60% higher than what we observe with the original Kalray OpenMP implementation.
Tagliavini, Giuseppe*; Cesarini, Daniele; Marongiu, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/652244
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